Questions & Answers

How is the study of the areas of evolution and classification interlinked?

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Hint: In biology, evolution is the change in the characteristics of a species over several generations and relies on the process of natural selection and the heritable characteristics of organisms are further used in classification.

Complete answer:
Classification and evolution are highly interlinked fields of study because the classification of an organism is influenced by its evolution. An organism may have a different type of look based on its morphology and are classified into a different group as compared to the other organism. This is because due to the difference in the type of adaptation the organism has evolved. The theory of evolution is based on the idea that all the species are related and gradually change over time.

Additional Information: Some facts about evolution:
-Evolution relies on the genetic variation in a population which affects the physical characteristics (phenotype) of an organism.
-The characteristics may give the individual an advantage over other individuals which they can then pass on to their offspring.
-Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution states that natural selection is the cause of evolution.
Some facts about classification:
-The standard classification was first reported in the work of Aristotle who came up with a multi-ranked system.
-Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish botanical taxonomist who was the first person to formulate and adhere to a uniform system for defining and naming the world's plants and animals.

Note: The modern system of classification called the phylogenetic classification of the organism is classified based on evolutionary relationships. Classifying organisms based on descent from a common ancestor is called phylogenetic classification. Hence, evolution and classification are closely interlinked.