Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that _________.
A. Democracy and development go together
B. Inequalities exist in democracies
C. Inequalities do not exist under a dictatorship
D. Dictatorship is better than democracy

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Hint:
In most of the democratic countries, there are rich people getting richer every day and poor people getting poorer. Even though every citizen of a country in a vote-based nation has voting rights, the political parties do not always work for people’s benefit which creates an imbalance.

Complete answer:
-India is the biggest democracy on the planet. This implies that in India, there is a rule of the individuals, by individuals, and for the individuals. There are numerous significant necessities for a nation to really be vote based and the most significant is equality for its residents.

-This implies that everyone is equivalent according to law, with no separation on grounds of race, religion, sexual orientation, status, class, or birth.

Let us review the options and discuss the answer

Option A. Democratic nations are a very good example of development. But it is not the ideal case as in some democratic countries there is poverty and hunger even today. So, it cannot be said with certainty that democracy and development go together. Thus, it is an incorrect option.

Option B. Equality is so significant in light of the fact that it saves the "nobility" of a person. It is a fundamental and essential common liberty. This ideal case doesn't exist. Indeed, even today, numerous types of imbalance and inequalities exist in India like casteism, untouchability, class inequality, etc. Thus, it is the correct option.

Option C. In a dictatorship type of government the entire power lies in the hands of one person or one party. They mainly work for their own benefit and suppress the people. So, inequality exists under a dictatorship. Thus, it is an incorrect option.

Option D. Dictatorship can never be better than democracy because under dictatorship the people live under strict conditions whereas in a democracy people have the right to voice their opinions. Thus, it is an incorrect option.

Therefore the correct answer is B

Note
The Fundamental Rights are segments of the Constitution of India that give individuals their privileges and ensure equality. These Fundamental Rights are considered as essential common liberties, everything being equal, regardless of their sexual orientation, position, religion, or statement of faith. These areas are the crucial components of the constitution, which was created somewhere in the range of 1947 and 1949 by the Constitution of India.