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Red sea phenomena is mostly seen due to
A) Red algae
B) Dinophyceae
C) Diatoms
D) Blue-green algae (Trichodesmium erythraeum)

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Last updated date: 24th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:The Red Sea has long shallow reefs, known for their aquatic life and corals. The sea is home for over 1,000 spineless species and 200 varieties of delicate and strong coral.

Complete answer:
Before we find out the correct option let us know a little about the Red sea. The Red Sea includes some of the world's saltiest and hottest seawater. With its link to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is one of the most densely travelled waterways in the globe, providing maritime traffic among Europe and Asia.

Trichodesmium erythraeum is blue-green algae. This variety of cyanobacteria is usually seen in the red sea. The algae are determined to produce blooms in the sea due to its growth. The colour phycoerythrin in the algae is capable for the appearance of the sea to be defined as the red sea. Therefore this is the correct answer.

The application of Trichodesmium erythraeum are,
-T. erythraeum would be beneficial as feed for aquatic biomes, as it is assumed to create dangerous toxins and there are not many bions that use it as a prime food source in its fundamental habitat.
-T. erythraeum species could provide a catalyst or toxin that may explain beneficial to humans in research and medicine.

Hence the correct answer is option ‘D’.

Note:
-The Red Sea is the most alkaline sea of all the seas that links to the ocean without even one river reaching the sea.
-A popular theory about the foundations of the Red Sea's name is that it holds a cyanobacterium named Trichodesmium erythraeum, which converts the blue-green water a reddish-brown.