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How is plant tissue carried out, and what are the benefits of plant tissue culture?

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Last updated date: 23rd Feb 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Tissue culture requires the use under sterile conditions of small pieces of plant tissue (explants) that are cultured in a nutrient medium. Using suitable growing conditions for each type of explanation, plants can be induced to develop new shoots quickly and new roots with the addition of appropriate hormones.

Complete answer:
In a controlled environment, plant research often involves growing new plants. This may be plants that we have genetically engineered in some way or may be plants of which we need many copies all exactly alike. Through the tissue culture of small tissue pieces from the plant of interest, these items can be achieved. These small pieces may come from a single mother plant or may be the product of single plant cells being genetically modified, which are then stimulated to expand and eventually develop into a whole plant. For commercial development of plants as well as for plant science, tissue culture techniques are also used.
Using sufficient growing conditions for each type of explanation, plants can be induced to develop new shoots quickly and new roots with the addition of suitable hormones. In order to create large quantities of new plantlets, these plantlets may also be broken, usually at the shooting point. The new plants can then be put in the soil and cultivated normally.
The benefits of plant tissue culture are-
> To understand the importance of sterile techniques.
> We can genetically transform single plant cells that we need to develop into mature plants.
> It can grow plants round the year.
> It helps to speed up the production of new varieties.
> Very little space is needed for development.

Note:
It can require more labor and cost more money for tissue culture. Due to the type of climate in which they are produced, propagated plants are likely to be less immune to diseases. There is a need for a trial and error method, if no information is given on new species.