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Periyar wild life sanctuary is located in________.
A. Andhra Pradesh
B. Tamil Nadu
C. Kerala
D. Karnataka

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Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Biodiversity across the globe is threatened today like never before. To conserve the accelerating loss of biodiversity people are adopting different techniques. These techniques can be divided into in situ and ex situ conservation techniques.

Complete Answer:
In situ techniques are the ones in which in an attempt to restore and protect the species of plant and habitat they are conserved in their natural habitat. This is the most appropriate way to converse with the wild species that are threatened with extinction. Setting up of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves are different way to implement in situ conservation. In India, we have over 550 wildlife sanctuaries covering almost $3.64\% $ of the total land area of the country. The government of India has also set up 18 biosphere reserves to slow down the accelerating biodiversity loss. Periyar wildlife sanctuary is located in Kerala, in the mountainous regions of Western Ghats. This sanctuary is famous for tigers. But along with tigers, it is home to a large Asian elephant population, lion-tailed macaques, the great Indian bison, sambar deers, leopards, and many other species. Bhadra wildlife sanctuary, Sharavathi wildlife sanctuary, Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuary are famous sanctuaries in Karnataka. Tamil Nadu is famous for the Indira Gandhi wildlife sanctuary and Point Calimere wildlife sanctuary.

Thus, option (C) is correct.

Note: Other than various in situ techniques, many ex-situ conservation techniques have been launched to conserve biodiversity. Ex-situ techniques refer to the ones in which wildlife species are given an environment similar to their natural habitats in faraway places.