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What is meant by the term Single Integrated judicial system?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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The judicial system of India has been the law as well as the rules set down for the welfare of people. It is essential for securing and strengthening law and order. The judicial system comprises judges and other magistrates, who will be the bench or the heart of the judicial system.

Complete answer:
According to Indian Constitution, a single Integrated judicial system denotes that the apex court is the head of all courts, (i.e.)The Supreme Court and the courts that function under it are high courts of all states and groups of subordinate courts in the districts.

The Supreme Court is the apex court of the judiciary system of India, situated in New Delhi, presided by Chief justice of India. It is the highest authority to retain the Indian constitution, to safeguard the citizens' privileges and upload the ideals of the rule of law. It also governs and maintains power over the operation of other courts.

Single Civil law and Criminal law systems are there in the country, which performs all over the country and does not lay down any separate collection of legislations. Twenty-four High courts are there in the country. One High court in each state. In order to ease the administration, states are being divided into districts and each district has its own district court.

A legal proceeding, an appeal from the lower court, can be directed to the High court and eventually to the Supreme Court. The decisions of the Supreme Court are binding justifications for all courts. The judgments of the High Court are obligatory on all subordinate courts. If there is indeed a contradictory judgment by another high court, the verdict with a larger judge usually reigns supreme. With the socialist goal of making legal redress widely available to all at the village level, the Indian judicial system constituted Lok Adalats and Gram panchayats. These bodies apply traditional or customary laws and work primarily to resolve local conflicts through the use of alternate dispute resolution structures.

In addition to the courts, the Indian judicial system comprises commissions and quasi-judicial entities which derive their supremacy from specific statutes.