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Major basmati rice producing state is
A) Kerala
B) Andhra Pradesh
C) Karnataka
D) Haryana

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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392.7k+ views
Hint:Basmati rice is mostly grown in the northern and north eastern part of the Indian subcontinent due to the climatic conditions observed in these areas suitable for production of this type of rice.

Complete answer:
Basmati rice is a long shaped aromatic rice which is traditionally grown in India and some parts of Pakistan. The super fine quality of Basmati rice in India is usually found around the Indus valley region of India. Nearly, 7,76,000 hectares of land is being for the cultivation of basmati in India currently. Let us analyze the option to find out the major producer of basmati in India.

>Option A: Kerala is situated in the southern part of India where the climate is humid. The major crop production in Kerala is for paddy, coconut, rubber, cashew nuts, tea and banana. Therefore, this is the incorrect option.
>Option B: Andhra Pradesh is also located in the southern part of India and is a major producer of jowar, wheat and bajra crop. Therefore, this is the incorrect option.
>Option C: Karnataka is known to receive a good rainfall throughout the year. Due to this, it is famous for the production of tomatoes, coffee, sunflower, grapes and onions. Therefore, this is the incorrect option.
>Option D: Located in the northern part of India, its major crops production involves rice, wheat, sugarcane and bajra. Also, it is the largest producer of basmati rice in rice with the contribution of 60% of total basmati rice produced in India.Therefore, this is the correct option.

Additional information: Uttar Pradesh and Punjab produce nearly 17.1% and 16.1% of total basmati rice production respectively.

Thus, the correct answer is option (D) Haryana.

Note:Different varieties of basmati rice are cultivated in different parts of India. Most commonly districts like Karnal, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Amritsar, Fatehgarh, Gurudaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar are producers of good quality basmati rice.