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How long will it take you to triple your money if you invest it at a rate 6% compounded annually?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 26th Feb 2024
Total views: 338.4k
Views today: 10.38k
IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: Here we will simply use the formula of the compound interest. We will put the values of the variables in the formula and solve it to get the time that will be required to triple the principal amount. Compound interest is an interest that is calculated on the principal amount and the interest accumulated over the previous time period.

Formula used:
Formula of the compound interest, Final amount \[ = P{\left( {1 + \dfrac{R}{{100}}} \right)^T}\] where, P is the principal amount, R is the rate of interest and T is the time period.

Complete step by step solution:
The given rate of interest is \[6\%\].
It is given that the amount is to be tripled in some span of time.
Let P be the principal amount. So the final amount i.e. triple amount will be equal to 3P.
Now we will use the formula of the compound interest and put the entire required variable in the equation. Therefore, we get
Final amount \[ = P{\left( {1 + \dfrac{R}{{100}}} \right)^T}\]
Now we will put all the values i.e. final amount and rate of interest in the above equation. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow 3P = P{\left( {1 + \dfrac{6}{{100}}} \right)^T}\]
Now we will solve this equation to get the value of the time period. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow 3 = {\left( {1 + \dfrac{6}{{100}}} \right)^T}\]
Now we will apply log function to both side of the equation, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \log \left( 3 \right) = \log \left( {{{\left( {1 + \dfrac{6}{{100}}} \right)}^T}} \right)\]
We know this property of the log function that \[\log {a^b} = b\log a\]. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \log \left( 3 \right) = T \times \log \left( {1 + \dfrac{6}{{100}}} \right)\]
Adding the terms, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \log \left( 3 \right) = T \times \log \left( {1.06} \right)\]
\[ \Rightarrow T = \dfrac{{\log \left( 3 \right)}}{{\log \left( {1.06} \right)}}\]
Now by simply dividing we will get the value of the time period. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow T = 18.85\]

So, the time period is equal to 18.85 which is almost equal to 18 years 10 months.
Hence, 18 years 10 months long it will take you triple your money if you invest it at a rate 6% compounded annually.


Note:
Other than the compound interest we have another type of interest called simple interest. Simple interest is the interest incurred on a certain principal amount at a certain rate over a fixed period of time. In simple interest, the interest per year remains constant over the period of time. However, in case of the compound interest, interest per year varies and it goes on increasing over the period of time. Interest is generally used in financial services. Interest can be yearly or monthly or quarterly or semiannually.
We should also know the formula of the simple interest
Simple interest \[ = \dfrac{{PRN}}{{100}}\] where, P is the principal amount, R is the rate of interest and N is the time period.