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Folk Dances of Different States of India

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India has a rich cultural heritage. It includes a large number of things such as art and architecture, literature, language, festivals, and dance and music. The dance forms that we get to see across the land are mainly of two types- classical and folk dance. Folk dances or tribal dances are the types of dance which are usually performed by common people on various occasions like the beginning of a new season, birth of a child, a wedding, harvests, etc to express joy. They form a part of an art form called folk art that is commonly practised by a particular community. 

The origin of different folk cultures cannot be derived comprehensively but the traditions have been preserved down the ages. Each form of folk dance comprises of unique styles and movements and represents the culture and tradition of the particular state. Very colourful jewellery and unique costumes are worn to perform these dances. 

States and their folk dances

Every state has its own folk dances- sometimes just one type, sometimes more than one. The folk dances of a particular state usually depict some special traditions of that particular state. The names of folk dances of various states of India are as follows:

Andhra Pradesh 

Kuchipudi, Vilasini, Natyam, Andhra Natyam, Bhamakalpam, Veeranatyam, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu.

Assam

Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal, Tabal Chongli, Canoe and Jhumura Hobjanai are the folk dances of various tribes of Assam. 

Bihar

Jata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya, Sama Chawa, Bidesia.

Gujarat

Garba, Dandiya Ras, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai.

Haryana

Jhumar, Phag, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor, and Gagor.

Himachal Pradesh

Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu, Nati and Dangi.

Jammu and Kashmir

Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach and Damali.

Karnataka

Yakshagan, Huttari, Suggi, Kuntha, Karga and Lambi.

Kerala

Ottam Thulal, Mohiniattam and Kaikottikali. 

Maharashtra

Lavni, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa and Dahikala Dasavtar or Bohada.  

Odisha

Savari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari and Chhau.

West Bengal

Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Chhau, and Santhali, etc. 

Punjab

Bhangra, Giddha, Daff, Daman, Bhand, and Naqual.

Rajasthan

Ghumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan, Leela, Jhuma, Susini, Ghapal and Kalbeliya.

Tamil Nadu

Kumi, Kolattam and Kavadi.

Uttar Pradesh

Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli and Jaita.

Uttarakhand

Garhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari, Jhora, Raslila and Chappeli.

Goa

Tarangamel, Koli, Dekhni, Fugdi, Shigmo, Ghode, Samayi nrutya, Ranmale, Gonph and Tonnya mell.

Madhya Pradesh

Jawara, Matki, Aada, Khada Nach, Phulpati, Grida Dance, Selalarki, Selebhadoni and Maanch.

Jharkhand

Alkap, Karma Munda, Agni, Jhumar, Hunta Dance, Sarhul, Barao, Jhitka, Ghora Naach and Domkach.

Arunachal Pradesh

Chalo, Buiya, Wancho, Pasi, Popir, Kongki, Ponung and Bardo Chham.

Manipur

Thanh Ta, Dol Cholam, Lai Haraoba, Pung Cholom, Khmaba Thaibi, Nupa Dance, Raslila, and Lhou Sha.

Meghalaya

Mynsiem, Ka Shad Suk, Nongkrem and Laho.

Mizoram

Khuallam, Cheraw Dance, Chailam, Sawlakin, Chawnglaizawn, Sarlamkai/Solakia and Tlaglam.

Nagaland

Bamboo dance, Rangma, Zeliang, Nsuirolians, Gethinglim, Temangnetin, Hetaleulee.

Tripura- Hojagiri 

Sikkim

Chu Faat Dance, Sikmari, Singhi Chaam or the snow Lion Dance, Tashi Yangku Dance, Khukuri Naach, Chutkey Naach and Maruni Dance.

Lakshadweep

Lava, Kolkali and Parichakali are the dance forms on the island. 

Apart from the above mentioned names, there are many more folk dances in all these states. They represent the vibrant cultures of various tribes living there. Our folk dances are not only famous in the country but also acclaimed internationally.