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Who is known as the “Slave of a slave” ?
A.Muhammad bin Oasim
B. Mahmud of Ghazni
C. Iltutmish
D. Qutbuddin Aibak

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Last updated date: 12th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: He had organized the Sultanate's administration, laying the foundation for its dominance over northern India until the Mughal invasion. Also, he had introduced the silver tanka as well as the copper jital - the 2 basic coins of the Sultanate period, along with a standard weight of 175 grains. He was the one who had set up the Iqtadari system.

Complete answer:
Shams ud-Din Iltutmish, was the third of the Mamluk kings who had ruled the former Ghurid territories within Northern India. He was the very first Muslim sovereign to rule from Delhi, and is therefore regarded as the effective founder of the Delhi Sultanate.

Itumish was born in Kazakhstan and is known as the “Slave of slaves” since he was sold by his own jealous brothers to a slave trader who had taken him to be further sold in Ghazni where the slave of the reigning monarch had bought him. ( Monarch- muhammand of Ghor & slave- Qutbuddin Aibak).

Though Iltutmish had been manumitted by Aibak after the second Battle of Tarain. Aibak even married his own daughter to Iltutmish , therefore making him one of legal claimants to the throne of Delhi sultanate in the latter day, which Iltutmish had laid very successfully .

Iltumish is also regarded by numerous historians as the very real founder as well as the consolidator of the slave dynasty and the Delhi Sultanate also. In accordance with them, Aibak was the ruler for about four years only.

Thus the correct answer is option ‘C’.

Note: Iltutmish who was also called Shams al-Dīn Iltutmish, Iltutmish also spelled Altamsh, had on the date of April 29, 1236. He was the third and greatest Delhi sultan of the so-called Slave dynasty. Iltutmish was sold into slavery but still he married the daughter of his master, Quṭb al-Dīn Aibak, whom he had succeeded during 1211. He had strengthened and also expanded the Muslim empire in northern India as well as moved the capital to Delhi, where he also built the great victory tower, the Quṭb Mīnār.