Answer

Verified

418.2k+ views

**Hint:**Inductor is a device which responds to the change in the current. It stores the magnetic energy. When an inductor is connected to the power source initially it won’t allow the flow of current but after some time it will act as a normal conducting wire with no resistance which will be exactly opposite in case of capacitor.

**Formula used:**

$E = \dfrac{1}{2}L{i^2}$

$V = iR$

**Complete answer:**

Normally in case of capacitors initially when power source is connected to the capacitor it acts as

a normal conduction wire and after sometime this will completely not allow the flow of charge but in case of an inductor this will be completely opposite. When an inductor is connected to the power source initially it won’t allow the flow of current but gradually after some time it will allow the flow of current just as the normal conducting wire.

So if we observe the diagram given the maximum voltage across the inductor will be at the starting. Hence the maximum voltage will be nothing but the emf of the battery as initially the battery and inductor will be parallel. So the maximum voltage is 2 volts.

50 percent of this voltage will be 1 volt.

Sum of voltages across the inductor and one ohm resistor must be 2 volts. So voltage across 1 ohm resistor will be 2-1 i.e 1 volt

From ohm’s law the current in the circuit will be

$V = iR$

$\eqalign{

& \Rightarrow 1 = i1 \cr

& \Rightarrow i = 1A \cr} $

So energy stored in the inductor will be

$E = \dfrac{1}{2}L{i^2}$

$\eqalign{

& \Rightarrow E = \dfrac{1}{2}5{(1)^2} \cr

& \Rightarrow E = \dfrac{5}{2} \cr

& \Rightarrow E = 2.5mJ \cr} $

**So, the correct answer is “Option A”.**

**Note:**

In case of an inductor when the circuit is closed then there is sudden increase in the flow of current which means that sudden change will be opposed by the inductor. Hence inductor generates emf itself in such a way that it opposes that flow and hence net current flown will be zero and initially inductor doesn’t allow the current.

Recently Updated Pages

What number is 20 of 400 class 8 maths CBSE

Which one of the following numbers is completely divisible class 8 maths CBSE

What number is 78 of 50 A 32 B 35 C 36 D 39 E 41 class 8 maths CBSE

How many integers are there between 10 and 2 and how class 8 maths CBSE

The 3 is what percent of 12 class 8 maths CBSE

Find the circumference of the circle having radius class 8 maths CBSE

Trending doubts

Which are the Top 10 Largest Countries of the World?

Fill the blanks with the suitable prepositions 1 The class 9 english CBSE

One cusec is equal to how many liters class 8 maths CBSE

Differentiate between homogeneous and heterogeneous class 12 chemistry CBSE

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic class 11 biology CBSE

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

The Equation xxx + 2 is Satisfied when x is Equal to Class 10 Maths

One Metric ton is equal to kg A 10000 B 1000 C 100 class 11 physics CBSE

Change the following sentences into negative and interrogative class 10 english CBSE