In the figure, PQ and RS are two mirrors placed parallel to each other. An incident ray AB strikes the mirror PQ at B, the reflected ray moves along the path BC and strikes the mirror RS at C and again reflects back along CD. Prove that AB ||CD.
Hint: First draw perpendiculars at the point of reflection then apply the law of reflection which states that angle of incidence is also angle of reflection. Then use the fact that if alternate interior angles are equal then lines are parallel to each other.
Complete step-by-step answer: In the question, we are given a figure in which PQ, RS are two mirrors placed parallel to each other. Then we are shown an incident ray AB strikes the mirror PQ at B, the reflected ray moves along the path BC and strikes the mirror RS at C and reflects beach along CD. Now we will do certain construction in the figure before solving We will draw BL perpendicular to PQ, CM is perpendicular to RS, as PQ is parallel to RS so BL is parallel to CM. Now as we know that BL is parallel to CM and BC is the transversal so we can say angle LBC= angle MCB as alternate interior angles is equal is a property. Now we will apply the property that when an incident ray of light falls on a plane surface then its incident and reflected angle is equal. So by applying this we can say that, Angle ABL = angle LBC And angle MCB = angle MCD
As angle MCD = angle MCB and angle MCB = angle LBC So, angle MCD = angle LBC Now as angle MCB = angle LBC and angle LBC = angle ABL So, angle MCD = angle ABL And as we know that, Angle LBC = angle MCB So we can write, Angle LBC + angle ABL = angle MCB + angle MCD So we can write it as, Angle ABC = angle BCD These angles represent the alternate interior angles and as we proved that they are equal so we can tell that AB is parallel to CD.
Note: Students should know about properties of parallel lines, facts about the alternate interior angles and corresponding angles. They should also know for which condition we can prove two lines are parallel.