Identify the tense used in the following sentence : You are baking a cake. a) Simple future b) Simple present c) Present continuous d) Present perfect
Hint: Many languages have grammatical means to indicate the time when an action or event occurs, or when a state or process holds. This phenomenon is called tense.
Complete answer: Tenses play a very crucial role in English grammar. It denotes the time in which an action takes place, whether that time is in the past, present, or future. There are basically 12 types of tenses. Now, let us examine all the given options to find out the correct answer : Option ‘a’ is a Simple future. It indicates an action that will take place after the present time and that gas no real connection with the present time. For example, She will visit her ailing grandmother soon. Option ‘b’ is a Simple present. It indicates an action that is generally true or habitual. That is, it took place in the past, continues to take place in the present, and will take place in the future. Option ‘c' is Present continuous. It indicates an action that is taking place at the moment of speaking. It has the verb form of -ing added. For example, She is walking. Option ‘d’ is Present perfect. It indicates an action that has been completed sometime before the present moment, with a result that affects the present situation. As we have analyzed all the given options, we can easily figure out the correct answer. Here, the sentence is – You are baking a cake. The tense of this sentence is “present continuous “. So, the correct answer is “Option c”.
Note: There are certain basic rules of tenses, which include adding suffixes. For example: In any kind of continuous tense, suffix -ing has to be added, in any kind of perfect tense “had” has to be added, and so on.