Hint:During the time period of the first half of the 17th century, when India was under the foreign rule of the Mughals, forts were built in Maharashtra.
Complete answer: The glory and beauty of Maharashtra is entirely based on the forts that were built and developed by the great Maratha ruler, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. There were nearly 350 forts in Maharashtra. He ventured on the noble task of establishing ‘Hindavi Swaraj’ – the rule of his own people in Maharashtra and has personally designed many strong royal forts in Maharashtra. Some of the strong royal forts like Rajgad, Pratapgad, and Pavangad were built by Shivaji Maharaj to strengthen the kingdom of Maharashtra and some of the forts like Panhala, Vijaydurg, Murud Janjira and Sindhudurg were won by Maharaj. Some of the most iconic and magnificent forts which were built and reconstructed by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his Maratha Empire are as follows: Vijaydurg fort is one of the ancient forts situated on the coast of Sindhudurg of Maharashtra. This fort is regarded to be the best naval base-sea fort which was reconstructed and developed by Shivaji Maharaj. Because of its highly admirable and imposing features, the Vijaydurg fort was also called the ‘Eastern Gibraltar.’ Shivneri Fort is considered to be the birthplace of Shivaji which holds high value in Maratha and Maharashtrian history. One of the best and astonishing forts in Maharashtra is Raigad Fort, which served as the capital of the Marathas under Shivaji Maharaj’s kingdom. It is one of the famous hill forts in Maharashtra which is formerly referred to as Murumdev.
Hence, the correct answer is option (C).
Note:The technique of Shiva sutra or Ganimi Kava which was known to be a guerrilla warfare method was strategically used to attack against the stronger enemies. This method was pioneered by Shivaji Maharaj, the great Maratha warrior to attack against the Mughals and other rulers.