Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# For the figure shows, a rod of mass 10kg (of length 100 cm) with some masses tied to it at different positions. Find the distance of the point (from A) at which if the rod is picked over a knife edge, it will be in equilibrium about that knife.(A) 26.32 cm(B) 28.72 cm(C) 30.43 cm(D) 32.50 cm

Last updated date: 09th Aug 2024
Total views: 420k
Views today: 7.20k
Verified
420k+ views
Hint:-We know that about the equilibrium point, the torque will be balanced. So in order to solve this we will balance the torque about point A. We will find the torque produced due to each mass and then we will balance in the sense of rotation they produce the torque. By simplifying all these we can easily determine the equilibrium point from A.

Complete step-by-step solution:-
As we can see in the figure, the different point masses are attached to the rod at different positions. Now for the rod to be in equilibrium, the rod should be steady around the point. So, the forces i.e. rotational forces need to be equal on both sides.
Therefore, we compute the rotational force, Torque on both the sides of assumed equilibrium point and equalize them. Let us assume the equilibrium point be at x distance from point A,
The torque acting on point masses is force acting on mass into the perpendicular distance to that from the reference point.
$\tau = F \times r$
The force acting on masses is due to gravity downward, and the distance is along the rod, so on left hand side of equilibrium point, the torque is
$\tau = 20g(x) + 15g(20 - x)$
And on right hand side of rod, the torque is
$\tau = 5g(100 - x - 15) + 7.5g(100 - x - 30)$
Equalizing both gives,
$20x + 15(x - 20) = 5(100 - x - 15) + 7.5(100 - x - 30) \\ 20x + 15x - 300 = 500 - 5x - 75 + 750 - 7.5x - 225 \\$
On simplifying we get
$47.5x = 1250 \\ x = 26.32cm \\$
Hence the distance of the point (from A) is 26.32 cm at which if the rod is picked over a knife edge, it will be in equilibrium about that knife.

The correct option is A.