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Find the synonym of the underlined word
Registering a patent involves a number of expenses.
A) Incudes
B) Saves
C) Entails
D) Precludes
E) Ravages

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Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: A synonym is a name, morpheme, or phrase in the same language that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word, morpheme, or phrase. For instance, the words begin, start, commence, and initiate are all synonyms; they are interchangeable.

Complete answer:
The word ‘involves’ means to include something or cause to participate in something. We need to evaluate the necessity of the object in the sentence given in the question, as it will determine which option will be closest to its intended meaning.

Now let us look into the given options:
Option A) Includes – It means to comprise or contain something. For e.g. The MRP includes all the taxes. This option has a very similar meaning to ‘involves’ but it is not the most appropriate option. This option is incorrect.
Option B) Saves – It means to keep safe or to rescue. For e.g. The doctors worked extensively and managed to save him. This is not the synonym of ‘involves’ and hence, is an incorrect option.
Option C) Entails – It means to involve something as an essential or inevitable part. For e.g. Before you invest your money, just remember that it entails considerable risks. This is the most suitable and thus it is the correct option.
Option D) Precludes – It means to prevent something from happening. For e.g. His medical condition precludes him from having a normal life. This option is not a synonym of ‘involves’. Therefore, this option is wrong.
Option E) Ravages – It means to damage severely or extensively. For e.g. The hurricane ravaged the western coastline. This option is not the correct synonym for ‘involves’. Thus, this option is incorrect.
Thus, the correct answer is Option (C) Entails

Thus, the sentence can be written as, “Registering a patent entails a number of expenses.”

Note:
- Other synonyms of ‘involve’ are; require, necessitate, demand, call for etc.
-Another meaning of the word ‘involve’ is ‘to be engrossed or completely occupied in something’.
-Another meaning of ‘involve’ is ‘to be engaged in an emotional or personal relationship’.