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Last updated date: 10th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Explain the factors responsible for the First World War.

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Hint: The First World War, also known as WWI or WW1, was a global conflict that began in Europe and lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. The Great War, also known as "the war to end all wars," saw more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, mobilised, making it one of the greatest wars in history.

Complete answer:
After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in 1914, World War I, also known as the Great War, began. His assassination sparked a European war that lasted until 1918. The Central Powers—primarily Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey—were pitted against the Allies—primarily France, the United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, Japan, and, beginning in 1917, the United States. The Central Powers were defeated at the end of the war.

The Sarajevo incident was the catalyst for World War I to break out. The Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia's capital, on June 28, 1914. Austria, seeing Serbia's hand in the Prince's assassination, issued an ultimatum to Serbia. Serbia declined to consider the demands because of Russia's funding. As a result, Austria declared war on Serbia.

Note: Some consequences of First World War as given below:
- Out of old empires, new countries arose. Austria-Hungary was divided into many independent countries.
- Poland was given land by Russia and Germany. The United Kingdom and France took charge of countries in the Middle East.
- Turkey was created from the remnants of the Ottoman Empire.