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How many enzymes in the list given below infound in pancreatic juice?
Enterokinase, Chymotrypsin, Aminopeptidase, Pepsin, Lactase, Rennin, Carboxypeptidase, Nuclease, Nucleotidase & Elastase:-
A. Six
B. Three
C. Five
D. Four

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Pancreatic juice is an extremely rich source of pancreatic cancer cell proteins and is thus an excellent specimen for the discovery of biomarkers. The presence of 14 upregulated and 10 down regulated proteins has been revealed in recent studies concerning proteomic analysis of pancreatic juice.

Complete answer:
Pancreatic juice is released into the duct via the pancreas and is rich in proteins that may suggest the status of the disease. Pancreatic juice has excellent potential for biomarker discovery in pancreatic cancer because it is accessible by endoscopic procedures. Alkaline fluid and enzymes are composed of pancreatic juice; 200-800 ml is produced each day. In order to digest much of the protein, fat, and carbohydrates in the meal, enzymes such as trypsin, lipase, and amylase are necessary. The pancreas consists of exocrine and endocrine portions: ductular cells secrete bicarbonate and fluid, primarily under the influence of secretin; acinar cells release enzymes in response to vagal stimulation of cholinergic intrapancreatic neurons.
Secretion of Pancreatic juice consists of fluid and enzymes that are alkaline (primarily bicarbonate); 200-800 mL is produced each day. The enzymes, trypsin, lipase, and amylase are important for digestion of most of the protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the meal. The pancreas consists of exocrine and endocrine portions: ductular cells secrete bicarbonate and liquid, primarily under the influence of secretin.

Hence, the correct answer is (C) Five.

Note:
Pancreatic juices and hormones are formed by the pancreas. There are enzymes in the pancreatic juices that help digest food in the small intestine. They flow into the principal pancreatic duct as pancreatic juices are made. The typical bile duct joins this duct, which connects the liver and the gallbladder to the pancreas. The typical bile duct, which carries bile, is connected to the small intestine by an opening in the duodenum near the stomach called the ampulla.