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Draw the diagram showing the germination of pollen on stigma and label the following parts
(i) Stigma
(ii) Pollen tube

Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Hint: Pollination and fertilization are the two main steps of sexual reproduction in a flowering plant. The pollen grains from another plant and sometimes even from the same plant, comes and sticks to the stigma of the flower and germinates to form a pollen tube.

Complete answer:
Below is the diagram of germination of pollen on stigma:
seo images

Here the long pipe-shaped structure is the pollen tube. The stigma is the uppermost part of the pistil where pollen grains stick after pollination.

Additional Information: The germination of a pollen grain starts when the pollen grain lands on the stigma. In flowering plants, the stigma and ovary are connected through a hollow structure named style. On the stigma, the pollen grains absorb water and nutrients and produce a tiny pollen tube that passes through the style and reaches the ovary. Then enlargement of the tube cell occurs which comes out of the pollen grain through a germ pore to form the pollen tube. The tube nucleus comes to the tip of the pollen tube. After that, the generative cell also passes into it and soon divides into two male gametes. In the case of double fertilization, the pollen tube fuses with the egg cell and the other cell combines with the two subsidiary Sexual nuclei of the ovule. The fusion of egg cells with tube cells makes the development of an embryo possible whereas the fusion of nuclei and other cells initiates the formation of the endosperm. The ovule, later on, transforms into a seed.

Note: The phenomenon by which the pollen grain reaches the stigma of the pistil is in fact known as pollination and is occurred by biotic or abiotic factors. Biotic factors can be animals like insects, birds, bats, or even mammals and humans. It is a very important process for fertilization to occur.