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Distinguish between mitral valve and semilunar valve.

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The valves are the muscular flap like structure which is present in between the chambers of the heart, in arteries arising from heart and vein. The function of the valves is to prevent the backflow of the blood and also to ensure unidirectional flow of blood.

Complete answer:
To solve this question, we must know about the types of the valves present in the heart.
The heart is the major pumping organ in our body which supplies oxygenated blood to different parts of the body. The flow of the blood in the heart and from the heart is regulated by the valves present in the heart. The valves present in the heart are atrio-ventricular valve, tricuspid valve, mitral valve and semilunar valve.
In this question, we will be discussing the difference between the mitral valve and semilunar valve.
Mitral valveSemilunar valve
It is located in between the left auricle and ventricle. It is also known as a bicuspid valve.It is located in between the ventricles and the arteries. It is also called the pulmonary valve and the aortic valve.
It has two cusps.The shape of this valve is like a half moon.
It regulates the flow of blood from the lungs to the left ventricle.It protects the orifice between the ventricles and the artery.


Note: There are two semilunar valves. The pulmonary valve is the most important valve in the heart as it regulates the flow of oxygenated blood from the lungs. If the valves become faulty then the heart faces problems to pump blood to the body part.