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Complete the sentences in your own words, using the active voice for sentence 1-4 and the passive voice for 5-7.
Ex: 1) The train is carrying many passengers
2) The family
3) The mother
4) The father
5) The laptop
6) The upper berth
7) A book

Last updated date: 26th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: A sentence with an active voice has a subject who acts on the verb. A subject is a beneficiary of a verb's action in passive voice.
An example of an active voice, we are going to watch a movie tonight.
An example of passive voice, a movie is going to be watched by us tonight.

Complete answer:
The relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants defined by its arguments is described by the voice of a verb (subject, object, etc.). The verb is in the active voice while the subject is the action's agent or doer. The verb is said to be in the passive voice when the subject is the patient, target, or performer of the action.

The difference between active and passive voice in English is shown in the following pair of examples. The verb form ‘ate’ is in the active voice in sentence 1, but the verb form was ‘eaten’ is in the passive voice in sentence 2. In both sentences, the cat is the Agent (the doer) of the operation of eating, regardless of voice.
Sentence 1: The cat ate the mouse.
Sentence 2: The mouse was eaten by the cat.

Now let us look at the above sentence:
1) The train is carrying many passengers : This is the sentence that is given to us as an example to form the preceding sentences. This sentence is in active voice.
2) The family is very happy.
3) The mother is cooking food.
4) The father is washing the car.
5) The laptop is being used by Ravi.
6) The upper berth is occupied by me.
7) The book is being read by Anjali.
Note: The subject and direct object exchange grammatical roles in a transition from an active-voice clause to an analogous passive-voice construction. The subject is demoted to a (optional) adjunct, and the direct object is elevated to subject. The verb is in the middle voice while the subject performs and receives the action conveyed by the verb. Diathesis is a term used to describe a person's voice.