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Compare the sugarcane farming in North India and South India.

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Sugarcane comes from a family of tall perennial grasses under the genus Saccharum. These are mainly used for sugar production. It grows predominantly in tropical and subtropical regions. The table sugar is extracted from sugarcane in mills and factories. It is also used as a raw material in the beverage industry to ferment ethanol. The major commercially cultivated species of sugarcane are complex hybrids.

Complete step-by-step solution:
In India sugarcane is cultivated in both the Northern parts and the southern parts of the country. Let us quickly look at the difference between these two.
In Northern India, the yield per hectare is low because of the unfavorable climatic conditions prevailing in the region. The crushing season is very short in the northern parts of India. The factories in this region are very old and use obsolete machinery and techniques sugar from sugarcane.
In southern parts of India, the per hectare is very high because of the prevalent tropical climates in the region. The crushing reason is relatively longer than in Northern India. The mills in Southern India new and used modern techniques and types of machinery in the processing of sugarcane.
The sugarcane species used in India is of superior quality.
The black soil of the region is way more fertile than the alluvial soil of the northern parts of India.

Note: The black soil also has the advantage of being a well-drained soil that is best suited for sugarcane cultivation. The farmers in Southern India also have a larger area and are managed by cooperative societies with better facilities like better seed fertilization and irrigation techniques.