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Can you list 10 recombinant proteins which are used in medical practice? Find out where they are used as therapeutics(use the internal).

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Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Recombinant proteins are acquired from the recombinant DNA technology. It is one of the modern approaches and applications of biotechnology. This technology requires the transfer of specific genes from an organism into another organism with the help of vectors and restriction enzymes as a molecular tool.

Complete answer:
Recombinant proteins are a mixture of genes which forms DNA. These play an important role in recombinant DNA technology. Step-by-step answer: Recombinant proteins are mixtures of genes that form DNA. These play an important role in recombinant DNA technology.

Recombinant proteinsTherapeutic use
InsulinHelps in the treatment of type-I diabetes mellitus
DNAse ICystic fibrosis treatment
Interferon-αChronic hepatitis C treatment
BovineIt is used as a growth hormone.
Interferon B.It is used for multiple sclerosis.
Coagulation factor VIIHaemophilia A treatment
Coagulation factor IXHaemophilia B treatment
Human recombinant growth hormoneUsed to promote growth
Anti-thrombin IIIUsed to prevent blood clotting.
Tissue plasminogen activatorAcute myocardial infection treatment


Additional information:
Escherichia coli is one of the organisms used for the production of recombinant proteins. The first recombinant protein is insulin.

Note: Recombinant DNA technology is known as genetic engineering. It is the set of techniques that enable the DNA from different sources to be identified, isolated, and recombined so that new characteristics can be introduced into an organism. DNA cloning is important in Recombinant DNA technology.