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What are the types of acids with examples?

Last updated date: 24th Mar 2023
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Hint: In order to answer this question, first we will explain about an acid in brief and then we will discuss the types of an acid, with their example. And atlast we will also discuss how an acid affects our body.

Complete answer:
Acid is any material that alters the colour of certain indicators (e.g., reddens blue litmus paper), reacts with some metals (e.g., iron) to liberate hydrogen, combines with bases to produce salts, and stimulates certain chemical reactions in a water solution (acid catalysis).
There are two primary types of acids: organic and inorganic acids. Inorganic acids are sometimes referred to as mineral acids. Organic acids are often weaker than inorganic acids as a category. The fundamental distinction between the two is that organic acids contain carbon whereas inorganic acids do not.
$*$ Inorganic-Acid:- Mineral acids are a word used to describe inorganic acids. It is possible for the anhydrous state to be gaseous or solid. An inorganic anhydride is a metalloid oxide that can react with water to produce an inorganic acid. Eye mishaps, in particular, pose a significant risk. Inorganic acid vapours or mists irritate the respiratory system and mucous membranes, albeit the degree of irritation varies greatly depending on the concentration; exposed employees may also have tooth discoloration or erosion.
Example- Sulphuric Acid $({H_2}S{O_4})$
Phosphoric Acid $({H_3}P{O_4})$
Nitric Acid $(HN{O_3})$
$*$ Organic-Acid:- Organic acids are poisonous and corrosive. Corrosivity is a type of toxicity that occurs when an acid comes into contact with the tissues. Organic acids and their derivatives are used to make a wide variety of products. They're used in almost every kind of chemical production. Because the organic acid group's members have such a wide range of chemical structures.
Example- Acetic Acid
Citric Acid
Formic Acid

Acids in our bodies have impacts on our bones, teeth, muscles, joints, connective tissues, and numerous organs and systems, albeit they are not as severe as my first two examples. When we are excessively acidic, we put extra stress on our bodies, aggravating a variety of health problems.