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Welding Processes

Last updated date: 28th Nov 2023
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Definition and Types of Welding

Arc Welding Definition: The electric arc used in welding is a high current, low voltage discharge, generally in the range of 10 to 2000 amps at 10 to 50 volts. An arc column is complex but, in general, it consists of a cathode that emits electrons, a gas plasma to conduct the current, and a region of the anode that becomes relatively hotter than the cathode due to electron bombardment. A direct current (DC) arc is commonly used, but alternating current (AC) arcs can be used.

The general strength absorbed in all welding approaches exceeds that required to supply a joint due to the fact that now no longer all of the warmth generated may be used effectively. The efficiencies vary from 60 to 90 percent, relying on the technique. The warmth is dispersed by means of conduction via the bottom metallic and by means of radiation into the environment.

Types of Welding

Welding requires instead exceptional strategies for the ones hired in brazing and soldering. The pace of operating is especially vital if the entire melting of the steel close to the joint is to be avoided. Some welding methods depend on stress to impact becoming a member of the 2 halves and in such cases, no steel is brought to shape a joint, the welded steel being furnished through the 2 elements being joined.

There are many types of welding processes, which are further subdivided into various categories. Let us discuss a few major types of welding as follows:

1. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW/MIG)

MIG welding definition can be stated as one of the simpler kinds of welding for novices to research. MIG welding is a really exceptional kind of welding. The first uses naked twine and the second one flux middle.

Bare twine MIG welding may be used to enroll in skinny portions of steel together. Flux middle MIG welding may be used outside as it does now no longer require a go with the drift meter or fuel line supply. MIG welding is commonly the welding of preference for DIY lovers and interest welders who don’t have the cash to spend on the pricey devices.

This fashion of welding is likewise known as Metal Inert Gas (MIG). It makes use of a protective shield alongside the twine electrode, which heats up the 2 metals to be joined. This approach calls for a consistent voltage and direct-present day energy supply and is the maximum uncommon commercial welding system that incorporates plate and huge bore pipe.

2. Stick Welding

Stick welding, additionally called Arc welding, is doing it the old skool way. Stick welding is a chunk tougher to grasp than MIG welding, however, you may select a stick welding device for little or no in case you need to have a cross at home. Stick welding makes use of a stick electrode welding rod.

3. TIG Welding

The TIG process of welding is extraordinarily versatile, however, it's also one of the extra hard welding strategies to research and Lincoln Electric TIG welders are professional individuals.

Both hands are required for TIG welding. One hand feeds the rod at the same time as the opposite holds a TIG torch. This torch creates warmth and arc, which can be used to weld maximum traditional metals, consisting of aluminum, steel, nickel alloys, copper alloys, cobalt and titanium.

TIG welders may be used to weld steel, stainless steel, Chromoly, aluminum, nickel alloys, magnesium, copper, brass, bronze, or even gold. TIG is a beneficial welding system for motorcycle frames, lawnmowers, door handles, fenders, and extra.

4. Plasma Arc Welding

Plasma arc gas welding definition states that it is a precision method and is usually utilized in aerospace programs wherein the metallic thickness is 0.1/2 of an inch. One instance of such software might be on an engine blade or an air seal. Plasma arc welding may be very comparable in method to TIG welding, however, the electrode is recessed and the ionizing gasses in the arc are used to create heat.

The regular mixture of gases is argon for the plasma gas, with argon plus 2 to 5% hydrogen for the defensive gas. Helium may be used for plasma gas however due to the fact it's far warmer this reduces the present-day score of the nozzle.

5. Electron Beam and Laser Welding

Electron beam and laser welding are extraordinarily precise, excessive strength welding techniques. Electron beams and lasers may be targeted and aimed with the remarkable accuracy required to weld the smallest of implantable scientific devices, and but additionally, supply the high-quality quantities of electricity required to weld massive spacecraft parts. Electron beam and laser welding are versatile, powerful, automatable processes. Both can create stunning welds from a metallurgic and a classy perspective. Both may be cost-effective.

Interesting Facts about Welding

The welding process is not a new technology but it has been practiced for more than 1000 years. Yes, welding became the process we know today until the 1800s, the welding process has existed ever since the Bronze Age. Another obsolescent example can be seen in some of Egypt's ancient pyramids: hieroglyphs that represent welders at work have been revealed on more than one occasion.


Welding is a fabrication method that involves fusing two or more pieces together using heat, pressure, or both to produce a joint as the parts cool. Welding is most commonly associated with metals and thermoplastics, but it can also be used on wood. A weldment is the term for the fully welded junction.

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FAQs on Welding Processes

1. What is the welding and welding principle?

Welding is a process in which two or more metals are joined together by employing heat and pressure with the aid of an electric arc, gas, etc… The welding process works on the principle in which heat can be produced with an electric arc strike with the workpiece as well as an electrode.

2. What is the definition and types of welding?

Welding can be defined as a physical process of combining two or more metal pieces with the help of heat or pressure. Depending on the convenience the welders use various methods of welding, for example:

  • Electric arc welding

  • Plasma welding

  • TIG welding 

This gives the welding definition and types of welding.

3. What is the purpose of the flux coating on the electrode?

The electrode is coated with flux, a metal mixture that releases gases as it decomposes, preventing weld contamination, introducing deoxidizers to purify the weld, causing weld-protecting slag to develop, improving arc stability, and providing alloying elements to improve weld quality.