Maharashtra Board Class 10th Solutions for Political Science Chapter 2 The Electoral Process

VSAT 2022

Maharashtra Board Class 10th Solutions for Political Science Chapter 2 The Electoral Process– Download PDF with Solutions

The Electoral Process is an important chapter included in the Political Science Syllabus for Class 10 Maharashtra Board students. The chapter helps students get associated with the concepts of Elections in countries. In order to develop a good understanding of the chapter, students can get the solutions to questions related to the chapter. Learning the solutions will enable students to cover all the important topics in the chapter.

The solutions for the chapter called the Electoral Process have been curated by the learned subject matter experts of Vedantu. All the solutions have been provided in accordance with the syllabus of the students. These solutions prove to be helpful study materials as students can definitely find helpful information from these resources. Download Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 PDF solutions right now.

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Choose the Correct Option From the Given Options and Complete the Sentences.

1. The Election Commissioner is appointed by the .............

  1. President

  2. Prime Minister

  3. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Ans: The correct answer is (a) President. 

The President of India appoints the Election Commissioner. The commission of election was established in 1950 and is autonomous.


2.  ............ was appointed as the first Chief Election Commissioner of independent India.

  1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

  2. T.N. Sheshan

  3. Sukumar Sen

  4. Neela Satyanarayan

Ans: The correct answer is (c) Sukumar Sen. 

The First Chief Election Commissioner of independent India appointed was Sukumar Sen. He became the First Chief Election Commissioner of independent India in the year 1905.


3. Constituencies are created by ..........committee of the Election Commission.

  1. Selection 

  2. Delimitation

  3. Voting 

  4. Timetable

Ans: The correct answer is (b) Delimitation. 

The Election Commission's Delimitation Committee establishes constituencies and it does not give in to any pressure while structuring and restructuring the constituencies.


State Whether the Following Statements are True or False. Give Reasons for Your Answer.

1. The Elections Commission lays down the code of conduct during elections.

Ans: The statement is true. 

The Indian Election Commission established a code of conduct for elections to ensure that candidates were fairly chosen by the electorate without the use of any force or threats, upholding democracy.


2. Under special circumstances the Election Commission holds re-elections in a particular constituency for a second time.

Ans: The statement is true. 

The election commission has the authority to call for a new election if there are any issues with the poll that interfere with the usual course of the election.


3. The state government decides when and in how many stages the elections would be held in a particular State.

Ans: The statement is false. 

The population density of a state influences the decision of the Indian Election Commission regarding when and in how many stages the elections will be held there.


Explain the Concept.

1. Reorganizing the constituencies

Ans: 

  • The Delimitation Commission of the Election Commission is in charge of establishing constituencies. 

  • The constituencies are generally reorganized frequently based on the population density of an area.

  • There are 543 members of the Lok Sabha in total. One constituency is represented by each member. It indicates that there are 543 Lok Sabha constituencies. 

  • When reorganizing the constituencies, the Delimitation Commission resists any pressure.

2. Midterm Elections

Ans:  

  • A midterm election is an election where the people have the right to elect their representatives as well as other subnational officeholders like the governor, and members of the local council in the middle of the term of the executive.

  • This is typically used to describe elections that are staggered so that not all of the offices in a governmental body (usually a legislature) are up for election at the same time.

  • A smaller portion of a body's seats are up for election only, and others are not until the terms of the next set of members expire. 

Complete the Following Picture.

Incomplete chart on the process of elections is shown in the above image.

Incomplete Chart On the Process of Elections

Ans:

  • Role of Election Commission: To hold impartial and free elections nationwide.

  • Role of the Voters: To participate in the electoral process by registering to vote.

  • Role of Political Parties and Their Candidates: The Code of Conduct must be followed.

Answer in Brief:

1. Explain the functions of the Election Commission.

Ans: The Election Commission performs the following duties:

  • Creating the Voter List: Voting is a right of every Indian citizen who is at least 18 years old. A citizen's name must appear on the voter's list to exercise their right to vote. The Election Commission is in charge of creating the list of eligible voters, updating the current voter's list, and adding the names of new voters. Voter identification cards may be provided by the Election Commission.

  • Determine the Election Schedule and Program: The Election Commission is alone in charge of overseeing the election process. Every state's election schedule and the number of phases are determined by the Election Commission.

  • Examining Candidate Applications: Each political party chooses the candidates to run in elections when the election dates are announced. Some candidates run for office on their own, independent of any political party. Candidates from political parties and independent candidates must complete applications that ask for personal information. All applications are examined by the Election Commission, which then approves any candidates who are qualified to run for office.

  • Recognize Political Parties: In our nation, we have a multiparty system. Parties are still being created. New parties are created as a result of party division. The Election Commission is ordered to recognize all political parties. Additionally, any political party may be denied recognition by the Election Commission. Political parties are also given electoral symbols by the Election Commission.

  • Settling Disputes: The Election Commission is in charge of settling any disagreements that can develop about elections. Accordingly, the Election Commission must declare any candidate ineligible or to hold re-election in a certain seat.

2. Write some additional information about most of the Election Commissioners.

Ans: 

  • India's Election Commissioner is in charge of overseeing the fair and transparent conduct of elections throughout the country.

  • If the Election Commissioner of India demonstrates misconduct the Supreme Court may dismiss him with a 2/3rds vote of the Parliament.

  • The election Commissioner of India must also ensure the protection and safety of election workers.

  • During the adoption of the Code of Conduct, the Indian Election Commissioner keeps an eye out for corruption.

3. Explain the meaning of the Code of Conduct. 

Ans:  The Election Commission has implemented several measures to guarantee free and fair elections in India. One of the policies the Election Commission approved is the Code of Conduct. 

  • The Electoral Commission has used its authority to curb election fraud over the previous few decades. 

  • The Code of Conduct outlines the regulations that must stand by the government, political parties, and voters both before and during elections. These rules cannot be broken by the government. 

  • The general electorate has gained confidence as a result of the code of conduct's observance in recent elections.

Project

1) Organise a mock poll in the school to understand the process of voting.

Ans: Do it yourself.


Think

1) How do political parties suffer due to family monopoly in the party?

Ans: Family monopoly affects the political parties in many ways as in this the leaders change from the family itself and this denies the opportunity of effective leaders to represent the community. Also because of the family monopoly, the decisions made become centralized, and also the freedom of expression and criticism lacks space in the party.


2) What do you understand about the system of ‘One Vote One Value’?

Ans: According to me it means that every vote has equal value, i.e. everyone has a right to vote and no matter what community, caste, or religion they belong to, their vote has equal value to any other person in the country.

Thrive shows equality in citizens and is a key to democracy.


3) Which two conditions among the following are the violation of the code of conduct?

  • The candidate distributes items for household use.

  • The promise made to resolve the water problem if elected

  • To go from door to door to meet voters and request them to vote.

  • To appeal based on caste and religion to get support.

Which of these rules would you include in the code of conduct for voters? 

Ans: According to me first and the second point is the violation of the code of conduct as distributing items is not allowed.


What Will You Do?

1) Voting is our duty as well as responsibility.

Ans: Voting gives the right to the citizens of a country to choose their future leader. It is a process that makes us realize the importance of being a citizen. Voting offers everyone a medium of expression. Every vote counts, disregarding caste, sex, religion, etc. Therefore, voting is not just a right, it is the responsibility of every citizen to make a choice and make a change.


Why is it So?

1) Some constituencies are kept reserved for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes.

Ans: Some constituencies are kept reserved for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes because this gives the minority communities a chance to reach to respective legislative authorities. This ensures the participation of weak and needy people.


2)  Every political party has an election symbol?

Ans: Every political party has an election symbol because these party symbols help the illiterate to easily identify and vote as these symbols are present on the ballot papers. Also, these symbols are allocated by the Election Commission of India.


3) At the time of voting and counting of votes, the official representatives of political parties remain present.

Ans: The official representatives of political parties remain present at the time of voting and counting of votes to avoid any further disputes. The official representatives and all the viewers were present to sign the forms to confirm that the accounting of ballots was satisfactory and that no malpractices were performed.


4) Recognised parties have equal opportunity to present their side before media such as television and radio.

Ans: The recognized parties have an equal opportunity to present their side before the media because this helps create and shape public opinion and it also helps in strengthening society through the political approach.


Why is it Required?

1)  When candidates have only the condition of age as eligibility, why should they give other information to the election commission?

Ans: The candidate needs to give all the information other than age even though it is the only eligibility criteria because all the other information is also very important so that the election commission can prevent unfair or malpractices used by the candidates to win. For example-  the property information is important so that the election commission can prevent the candidate from misusing his power of money to win.


2) Why are the candidates required to give the information about their property to the Election Commission?

Ans: The candidates are required to give the information regarding their property to the Election Commission so that they can prevent the misuse of the power of money to win the elections.


Can You Tell?

1)  What criteria are laid down by the Election Commission for giving recognition to political parties?

Ans: The party needs to win 6% of the votes in four states and also it needs to win 4 Lok Sabha seats from any state to get recognition in a general election for the national party.

Though, for a state party, it needs to win 8% of the total valid votes.


Importance of Maharashtra Board Political Science Class 10 Chapter 2 The Electoral Process is an essential chapter that teaches students the value of elections in any country. Students who want to score good marks in the examination and rank higher will have to gain a good understanding of the chapter. The chapter firstly educates students about the importance of the Election Commission and the process of Election. Students can learn that voting is a constitutional right and responsibility of the voter.

The chapter also educates students about the significance of the people or citizens in the process of elections. Students will also find some important details about the electoral process and the different steps in the process. Apart from that, the chapter also discloses important information about the types of elections such as Lok Sabha elections, general elections and much more. Students will be able to learn some important details related to the improvements made in the electoral process and election commission. All these details will provide a better understanding of the chapter.


Thoroughly reading the Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Solutions will assist the students in grasping all topics included in this chapter. They can use these details to answer questions in the exams and score high marks.


Benefits of MSBSHSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Solutions

  • The subject matter expert at Vedantu has formulated these questions and solutions keeping in mind the Class 10 syllabus of the Maharashtra Board. Students will have enough information to grasp the chapter content which will help them in answering difficult questions related to the chapter. 

  • Studying the Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 questions and answers will help students understand the type of questions that might appear in the board examination. It will help them properly outline a strategy and study the important topics from the chapter. 

  • Students can brush up on their concepts from the chapter by attempting to solve the questions and answers. They will learn more about the process of elections, the challenges of the process, and improvements that are being made to the Electoral process in our country. 

  • These solutions also make the revision process a lot easier as students can visit the solutions to check if their answers are correct or not.

Download the PDF of MSBSHSE Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2

Do you want to score good marks in your upcoming Maharashtra Board exams? Download the Maharashtra Board Class 10 Political Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Electoral Process right now from Vedantu. Include the solutions in your study material and you can start preparing for your exams in an efficient way.

FAQs on Maharashtra Board Class 10th Solutions for Political Science Chapter 2 The Electoral Process

1. Who was the first chief election commissioner after the independence of India?

Sukumar Sen was the first chief election commissioner after India’s independence when the Election Commission was established in 1950.

2. Who was the first voter of India?

Sham Sharan Negi from Himachal Pradesh was the first voter in India. He voted during the Lok Sabha elections that took place on the 25th of October, 1951 for the first time.

3. Who is responsible for appointing the Election Commissioner in India? 

The President is responsible for appointing the Election Commissioner in India. 

4. What functions does the Election Commission have?

The functions of the Election Commission are:

  • Preparation of the voter’s list

  • Deciding the programme and timetable for elections 

  • Scrutiny of candidate applications

  • Providing recognition to political parties

  • Resolving disputes during elections

5. Which committee of the Election Commission is responsible for the creation of constituencies?

The Delimitation Committee is responsible for the creation of Constituencies in the Election commission. 

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