E-mail stands for Electronic Mail or Electronic Mailer. The most commonly used feature of the networks in the field of communication is e-mail. It is the transmission of messages from one computer to another. Communication can take place between two to many users. It not only sends the message in text format, but also we can add images, and documents in the form of PDFs, videos, or other attachments.
The person who has to send a certain message is called the sender and the one who receives it is called the receiver. In order to have successful communication, each user should have a unique email address (it is just like posts, where each post is sent to persons with a unique home address). The e-mail address may look something like this
Copy of The extent of email used today
When was the First Email Sent?
E-mail is much older when compared to the internet. The first-ever e-mail was sent to computers in 1965 by using the MIT program called a mailbox. By using this program the user can type a message and send it. Whereas the receiver can see the message only after logging in to the computer.
Whereas in 1969 the first message using ARPANET was sent from computer to computer by the US Department of Defence.
ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
It is a kind of network that connected all the computers that are present in that department.
The first message was sent using ARPANET
Later in 1972, Ray Tomlinson developed the ARPANET into ARPANET’s networked e-mail system and invented electronic mail. It is the one which we use today. Here his contribution was “@” which indicated the destination address of the message to be sent. It got tremendous popularity as people wondered how one can send an electronic mail to the others who are completely not present in the same place.
In 1993, internet use increased and electronic mail was replaced by “E-mail”. Then Yahoo, Hotmail, AOL (America Online), and Echomail platforms were launched. Whereas the year 2004 completely changed the history of E-mail with the launch of Gmail (a platform to send an email).
The overall history of e-mail in computer networks can be something like this,
History of E-mail
The E-mail can be divided into three main components:
Structure of email
Types of Email
Emails are broadly classified into three categories:
Types of Emails
Subject: Inviting for a birthday party
Hope you are doing well. I am very excited to invite you to my brother's birthday party tomorrow at XYZ Hotel from 6:00 pm to 9:00 pm. The theme of the party is “Spiderman”.
Join us at the party and let us have a great time together!
See You Soon
Subject: Intra-college Painting Competition.
This is to convey to all of you guys that there is an intra-college Painting competition held on our college campus on Dec 27 from 11:00 am in Room no 2. Whoever is interested is asked to take part in the competition.
Feel free to contact me for any more information.
Formal: It is used to communicate to the government department, schools, businesses, or any officers. Here certain rules have to be followed like text should be in respectful language. You shouldn’t add any unwanted things like jokes, funny text etc. Writing a subject is always mandatory.
Subject: Requesting the extension of the deadline for the project
Since we are facing an error in the platform for project 123 I request you to extend the completion date of the project to this weekend.
Kindly look into the matter.
Thanks and Regards,
There are other kinds of emails that are used today:
Promotional email: This is a business to business email that mentions the products or services of a company.
Transactional email: It is related to business deals or transactions.
Plain-text email: In this type of email only a text message is sent.
Newsletters: It is the report that is sent by the companies or organisations to their employees or subscribers about the company’s growth or achievements.
Evolution of communication
Uses of E-mail
You can use email for the following purposes:
It is easy to use and can be accessed easily.
Can share information easily.
We can send messages at any time.
Can connect to people all over the world by sitting at your home.
Can work with others.
Communication can be done with many people at the same time.
Advantages and Disadvantages of E-mail
It is free of cost.
In the case of conveying long messages, it takes a lot of time.
Communication can be done globally.
There are chances of getting ignored or no response in cases of emergency.
Easy access as it is available at our fingertips.
Have to deal with unwanted messages.
Communication happens faster.
There are chances of getting the message delivered to the wrong person due to a change in email address.
Scariest facts about email
Email or Electronic mail is the most common form of communication either formally or informally. However, all the types of communication through email may sound similar but if we follow certain rules then the messages are conveyed easily.
Learning by Doing
1. Solve the given puzzle.
Solve the given puzzle