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English Grammar for Class 7 The Tense

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Last updated date: 20th Apr 2024
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Class 7 The Tense English Grammar - Importance of English Grammar for Class 7 Students

English Grammar for Class 7 The Tense is basically the study of grammar to excel in the English language. Thus, the students must take English Grammar as one of the core subjects quite seriously. Also, students who are further attempting to study for masters and higher education in the English language must not fuss with this subject at their basic levels. In these classes, learning effective grammar will take a student on a long career development path.


In this article, we will be studying Class 7 The Tense English Grammar and we will be notifying you about the topics that are included in the Class 7 th English Grammar Syllabus 2023-24. Students must note that we are discussing the general syllabus for Class 7 The Tense English Grammar, you must once cross-check with your own respective school’s or board’s syllabus for 2023-24.

English Grammar for Class 7 The Tense and Download Free PDF

In today’s lesson, we will discuss The Tense. We will begin with understanding the tense and its type. Then we will see examples of the tenses. Moving ahead we will learn about its uses. Practice questions and solved examples are given throughout the article for better understanding and concept clarity. Let’s begin the journey on the topic.


Introduction to English Grammar


Introduction to English Grammar


What are Tenses?

Every day, we talk about what we did in the past, what we are doing now, and what we plan to do in the future. We accomplish this by employing verb "tenses" that indicate time—the past tense, present tense, and future tense. 


Examples of Tenses

To express when events occur, we must conjugate our verbs differently. Here are some examples of the three most common verb tenses.


  • Mini called me. (Past Tense)

  • Mini calls me. (Present Tense)

  • Mini will call me. (Future Tense)


As you can see, the verbs' forms change with each tense. To clarify this, we can insert a specific time into the sentence:


  • Mini called me yesterday.

  • I talk to Mini every day.


Parts of Tenses

Since verbs only change form between past and present tense, we must rely on other words to convey the time or situation. When changing verb tenses, we use "helping verbs" called auxiliary verbs and modal auxiliary verbs, which are used in addition to the main verb. They assist the main verb in making sense of a sentence.


Auxiliary Verbs

Sometimes just using a verb isn't sufficient to make a sentence work. As a result, auxiliary verbs exist to add understanding or to ensure that other verbs work correctly. Many sentences would be meaningless without them. They are divided into three categories: to be, have, and do.


To be: are, be, being, is, been, was, were, am

Have: had, has, have, having

Do: do, did, does


Here are some examples, both with and without the use of auxiliary verbs:


  • Mini is calling(Correct)

  • Mini has been calling. (Correct)


  • Mini was calling. (Correct)

  • Mini calling. (Incorrect)


  • Mini did call. (Correct)

  • Mini call. (Incorrect)


  • Mini called. (Correct)

  • Mini has called. (Incorrect)


Auxiliary Verbs


Auxiliary Verbs


Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Modal auxiliary verbs indicate whether something is likely, might happen, probably happen, definitely happen, and so on. The following are the main modal auxiliaries: can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would. Here are a few examples:


  • Mini could call soon. (Likely Happen)

  • Mini may call soon. (Might happen)

  • Mini should call soon. (Probably happen)

  • Mini will call soon. (Definitely happen)


Modal Auxiliary Verbs


Modal Auxiliary Verbs


Types of Tenses

Tenses are grouped into three types: past, present, and future. However, within each tense, additional types help us express ourselves more precisely: simple, continuous, perfect, and perfect continuous.


Remember:

  • The past tense allows us to speak about events that have already occurred (in the past).

  • The present tense allows us to talk about what is happening right now (in the present).

  • The future tense allows us to speak about events that will occur in the future (in the future).


Types of Tenses


Types of Tenses


Simple Tenses

Simple tenses are the most fundamental way of writing and speaking. They demonstrate that there is something that happened/is happening/will happen during the period discussed in the sentence:


  • Past: Yesterday Mini walked home from school.

  • Present: Mini walks home from school on Tuesdays.

  • Future: Mini will walk home from school tomorrow.


Continuous Tenses

The continuous tenses allow us to communicate a condition that is, was, or will happen indefinitely. This implies that the action in the sentence is still ongoing at the time being discussed:


  • Past: Mini was walking home when Lily called.

  • Present: Mini is walking home now.

  • Future: When Lily calls, Mini will be walking home.


Perfect Tenses

Perfect tenses allow us to express that there is something that occurred before the time being mentioned in the sentence that has an impact on what is happening now.


  • Past: By the time we were ready to leave school, Mini had walked home.

  • Present: Mini has walked home; let’s meet her now.

  • Future: Mini will have walked home by the time we finish work tonight.


Perfect Continuous Tenses

Perfect continuous tenses allow us to describe something that has/had been/will have been going on for some time and is still going on at the time of the sentence:


  • Past: When she turned 15, Mini had been walking home from school for 10 years.

  • Present: Mini has been walking home from school since she was 5.

  • Future: By the time she turns 15, Mini will have been walking home from school for 10 years.


Difficult Word Meaning

Word

Definition

Accomplish 

Achieve 

Conjugate

to list the many inflectional forms of a verb that is employed specifically in a prescribed order.

Demonstrate 

provide an example and explanation in practice

Fundamental

a basic concept or norm that forms the basis of something.

Auxiliary

giving supplemental or extra assistance and support.


Summary

In this chapter, we started with the Tense. The past is used to represent what has already happened. The present tense is used to describe what is happening right now or what is ongoing and the future tense is used to describe what will happen in the future. The tense of a sentence tells us when an activity took place. You must use the proper tenses to express your ideas if you wish to engage with others or construct a proper phrase. The three fundamental divisions of time—Past, Present, and Future—are expressed in English using tenses. If you don't use the tense that best describes the situation, the statement or query will mean the exact opposite of what you intended to say or write. 


Practice Questions

A. Choose the correct tense for the following sentences


  1. Look! We ________ to crash. (Go/are going/were going/have gone).

  2. I wish I ________ good friends. (Have/had/had had).

  3. After he ________ his work, he went out for a movie. (had completed /completed/ Either could be used here).

  4. I ________ him for a very long time when we got married. (knew/have known/had known/had been working).


B. Place the verbs into the correct tense

 

  1. The receptionist (welcome) ________the guests and (ask). ________ them to sanitize their hands first.

  2. The motorcycle (breaks), ________ down and they (have). ________ to walk to college.

  3. The boys (swim). ________ while the girls (sunbath) ________.

  4. My sister (come) ________ in, (look) ________ and (tell). ________ me to help her in cooking.


C. Fill in the blanks with suitable tenses.


  1. I _________ you if you tried to disturb me again. (am hitting/ will be hitting/will hit)

  2. __________ I help you with the housework?(will/would/shall)

  3. By next year we ___________ in this city for twenty-five years.(have lived/will have lived/will be lived)

  4. I _______ home late tonight.(a,/will be/would be)


Answers:

A. Choose the correct tense for the following sentences


  1. Look! We  are going to crash. 

  2. I wish I had good friends. 

  3. After he had completed his work, he went out for a movie.

  4. I had known him for a very long time when we got married.


B. Place the verbs into the correct tense


  1. The receptionist welcomed the guests and asked them to sanitize their hands first.

  2. The motorcycle broke down and they had to walk to college.

  3. The boys swam while the girls sunbathed.

  4. My sister came in, looked, and told me to help her with cooking.


C. Fill in the blanks with suitable tenses.


  1. I will hit you if you tried to disturb me again. 

  2. Shall I help you with the housework?

  3. By next year we will have lived in this city for twenty-five years.

  4. I will be home late tonight.


NCERT Solutions - Class 7 The Tense Grammar Solution

NCERT Solutions for English Grammar serves as a comprehensive solution book for the students of Class 7 The Tense who are willing to expertise in the English Grammar subject.


The Class 7th English Grammar syllabus is comprehensively mentioned in this NCERT Solutions. Exhaustive Class 7 Grammar topics are present in the NCERT Solutions. Also, this is to ensure that students from any board can refer to the NCERT Solutions for English Grammar Class 7 The Tense.