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CBSE Class 11 Economics

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Last updated date: 28th May 2024
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Understanding Basic Economic Principles and Policies for Class 11 Students

We have provided a chapter-after-chapter solution from the CBSE Class 11 Economics book. Students may quickly download and view the Class 11 Economics chapters. When you don't have access to a physical copy, digital copies of Vedantu Books Class 11 Economics pdf are usually useful. Vedantu Books for Class 11 Economics are available here. This website contains information on the Vedantu for Class 11 Economics Chapters.


We have published a CBSE Solution for Class 11 Economics chapter by chapter. Students may immediately download and read the Economics chapters for Class 11. Digital versions of Vedantu Books Class 11 Economics pdf are frequently beneficial when you don't have access to a physical copy. Vedantu Books for Class 11 Economics may be found here. This website includes information on the Vedantu Economics Chapters for Class 11.


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CBSE Solutions for Class 11 Economics Syllabus

Chapter Number

Name of the Chapter

Unit 1

Development Policies and Experience (1947 – 1990)

Chapter 1

Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence

Chapter 2

Indian Economy (1950 – 1990)


Unit 2

Economic Reforms since 1991

Chapter 3

Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An Appraisal



Unit 4

Development Experiences of India: A Comparison with Neighbours

Chapter 10

Comparative Development Experiences of India and Its Neighbours


CBSE Class 11 Economics Solution- Free Guide

The allocation of scarce resources within an economy regulates the class and category of the economic system. Economics is divided into four categories. Each economy has its own set of strengths and weaknesses, sub-economies and proclivities, namely:


  • Traditional Economy

  • Market Economy

  • Command Economy

  • Mixed Economy


Economics is the study of the best distribution of resources in a community. Understanding what happens in the macroeconomy and markets is part of the topic.


Examining economic facts and clarifying their significance, as well as analysing various policy possibilities and estimating their likely end outcomes.


The subjects for the CBSE Class 11 syllabus are listed here, chapter by chapter. Visit Vedantu or download Vedantu - The Learning App for more information and the best learning experience for more Vedantu Answers for Class 11 Economics answers and study tools.


NCERT Book CBSE Class 11 Economics Syllabus- PDF Free Download

Chapter 1: Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence 

The first chapter of the CBSE Economics syllabus of Class 11 covers overview of the Indian economy immediately following independence. After 1947, the chapter focuses on the problems of a stagnated economy and underdevelopment. Students will learn in depth about the reasons that contributed to agricultural stagnation and the state of the industrial sector during British control.


The Chapter in the CBSE Class 11 Economics Book also discusses the outflow of India's riches, the demographic situation, occupational structure, and infrastructure, among other things. Topics such as India's National and Per Capita Income provide a good overview of Bengal's textile sector and the state of foreign trade.


1) Stagnant Economy

During the time of independence, the Indian economy was in full swing. The economy was in a slump. A stagnant economy is one in which there is little or no income or growth.


2) Backward Economy Backward Economy

The economy was a backward one with a very low per capita income.


3) Industrial Backwardness

Small-scale enterprises were becoming extinct. There was an industrial deficit in the country.


4) Rampant Poverty

A huge portion of the population was anxious; they couldn't even acquire food twice a day, they needed a place to live and clothes, all because of unemployment and illiteracy.


5) Less Development of Infrastructure

There was relatively minimal infrastructure development at the period, including communication, transportation, and electricity/energy generating.


6) Heavy Dependence On Imports

The country had to rely on imports for machinery and other manufacturing equipment.


7) Limited Urbanisation

The majority of India's inhabitants lived in villages at the time of independence. Just 14% of the population resided in cities in 1948, while 86% lived in rural areas.


Chapter 2: Indian Economy (1950-1990)

Students will learn more about the Indian economy after 1947 in this section. Chapter 2 of Class 11 Vedantu Economics PDF takes us over India's 5-year plans and other adjustments that are in charge of developing many sector-specific developmental policies.


Students will be provided with concise knowledge on economic planning, socialism, and mixed economies. It also covers important ideas such as 5-year plan goals and importance, agricultural challenges and changes.


It also introduces us to programmes such as the Green Revolution and makes it easier for us to grasp the many sorts of economies and their characteristics. As a result, it will be easier to grasp how current policies and changes affect our economy.


High Growth Rate: Growth refers to a rise in the country's production capability, such as a growth in the quantity of products and services produced. i.e. a multi-stock of producer capital or auxiliary services such as transportation and financial services, or a rise in producing capital and service capacity. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of a country's economic growth. GDP is the total market value of all products and services produced in a given year.


Using a piece of chocolate or cake as an example, it can be demonstrated that as the size of the chocolate or cake increases, more people will be able to enjoy it. According to the First Five Year Plan, increasing product and service output is essential if the lives of Indians are to be better and wealthier.


Agricultural, service, and industrial sectors are all included in GDP in various areas of the economy. These three sectors are part of the economy's structure. Various industries contribute differently in different nations, with the service sector contributing the most in some and the agriculture sector contributing the most in others.


Modernisation of Economy: Producers accept new technology to increase the output of goods and services. The application of new technology is referred to as modernisation. For example, using new enhanced types of seeds instead of old seeds to increase food output necessitates not just the adoption of new technology but also changes in the nation's ideological and social attitudes, such as granting equal rights to women.


Women used to undertake only household labour in traditional culture, but in modern society, they have begun to be given opportunities to work in all areas of the economy. Modernization elevates and prospers a civilization.


Self-Reliance: There are two approaches to boost the nation's economic growth and modernisation.


1. Usage of imported resources from other nations

2. Utilisation of one's own resources


In the first seven five-year plans, increased emphasis was placed on self-reliance, and imports of products and services from other countries that could be produced in-house were discouraged.


This programme significantly decreased our reliance on other nations for food production. That was also necessary. Self-reliance is essential for a newly independent country since there is a worry that our reliance on other countries may jeopardise our sovereignty.


Similarity: In the absence of equality, the aforementioned three goals are incapable of raising the standard of living of a nation's citizens. If modernization, progress, and self-reliance do not reach the poorest portions of the country, economic expansion will benefit primarily the wealthy.


As a result, in order to achieve growth, self-sufficiency, and participation in modernity, every Indian must have access to basic necessities like food, shelter, clothes, health, and education, hence reducing economic prosperity and disparity in wealth distribution.


Chapter 3: Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation – An Appraisal

The preceding Chapter provides context for the reformative initiatives implemented to revitalise the Indian economy. Pupils will study about the significance and necessity of economic changes.


Following that, students will become acquainted with fundamental concepts such as liberalisation, privatisation, and globalisation, as well as the aims linked with them. As a result, Vedantu Economics Class 11 PDF helps students understand topics like direct taxes, indirect taxes, disinvestment, and globalisation policy efforts.


This Chapter also contains important information regarding the World Trade Organization and emphasises its activities. Apart from that, one will learn about the Sircilla tragedy and the broader failures of economic reforms.


Chapter 4: Poverty

This Chapter assists students in comprehending the notion of poverty and its influence on the Indian economy in general. It is believed to be an important idea not just in the context of Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF, but also in Economics.


Students will learn about absolute and relative poverty in brief, as well as the correct definition of the poverty line. Furthermore, readers will have a better understanding of the many classifications of poverty and its causes.


One will also become acquainted with the many measures that may be used to successfully counteract the effects of poverty.


Chapter 5: Human Capital Formation in India

The notion of human resources and their formation are critical to human development and economic success. In addition to emphasising the idea of human capital and the process of producing it, the Chapter distinguishes between financial and physical capital.

Readers will get an understanding of the numerous sources of human capital production and its direct influence on the economy. For example, one will learn what happens when physical capital productivity rises.


Also, the Chapter discusses the country's human capital concerns. Yet, the Economics Vedantu Class 11 PDF book emphasises the expansion of India's education system. It also aids in better understanding of the RTE Act.


Chapter 6: Rural Development

The 5th Chapter of the Vedantu Class 11 Economics PDF book delves deeply into topics such as rural development, rural lending, and farm marketing. For example, students will learn in depth about rural credit, including its various kinds and sources.


Additional subjects covered in this Chapter include organic farming, sustainable development, and the Golden Revolution. It also examines rural banking, including its key benefits and problems.


Similarly, they will become acquainted with the concept of sustainable development, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of organic farming. A fast perusal of this Chapter in the PDF download edition will help students deepen their understanding of all of these areas, which will greatly aid their Test preparation.


Chapter 7: Employment Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues

In this Chapter, Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF exposes students to the concepts of employment growth, and other related subjects. Readers will, for example, learn about the many sorts of unemployment and how to overcome them.


Students who download the PDF copy of this book will gain valuable insight into the many types of workers. It will also help to understand how occupations are distributed by rural and urban regions, as well as by gender.


Furthermore, the Chapter explains how to calculate the unemployment rate and labour participation rate step by step. It will aid in gaining a better knowledge of the distribution and, as a result, will be useful in solving issues based on it.


Chapter 8: Infrastructure 

It addresses all of the issues that threaten India's social and economic infrastructure. A fast perusal of the Vedantu 11 Economics PDF provides students with useful knowledge on the sorts and importance of infrastructure in the country.


Readers will find comprehensive information about India's total health infrastructure, including the basic, secondary, and tertiary healthcare sectors. They will also be given a quick overview of medical tourism in the nation.


Chapter 9: Environment and Sustainable Development

The chapter in the Class 11 Economics book that outlines the functions of the environment teaches students on the importance of the environment for economic advancement. In addition, the Chapter emphasises underlying environmental challenges such as pollution and overexploitation. Downloading the Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF allows students to learn about effective methods for sustainable development.

Yet, in order to grasp and use the idea of sustainable development in practice, readers need also be familiar with the primary indicators of a serious environmental catastrophe. For example, global warming, ozone depletion, and land degradation have emerged as major contributors of biodiversity loss.


Chapter 10: Comparative Development: Experiences of India and its Neighbours

The last Chapter Economics Vedantu Class 11 PDF book aids in understanding and comparing India's progress to those of its neighbours such as Pakistan, China, and Bangladesh.


A thorough reading of the Chapter will help you better understand the comparison signals. As a consequence, it will be useful in assessing the development of functional strategies employed by neighbouring countries.


Students will have a better understanding of the neighbouring countries' foreign direct investment and demographic features. It will help readers better grasp the country's growth ambitions and policy failures.


Conclusion- CBSE Books Class 11 Economics Solution PDF?

Using Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF downloads may greatly improve students' learning experience. Most topic instructors and students prefer Vedantu books to increase their understanding of the subject's curriculum. As a result, it considerably improves their Test preparation and helps them score high on them.


These are some of the reasons why every student should acquire Class 11 Economic book PDF and include it into their study routine:


  • Simple and Easy to Follow Language

The use of simple language in the 11th Economics Vedantu PDF book allows school children to grasp difficult phrases and concepts more rapidly. It helps them comprehend the basic ideas of the Chapter more efficiently and recall the material studied better.


  • Covers all Important Topics

Each Vedantu Economics Class 11 PDF thoroughly covers all ten Chapters and gives significant information on each idea and theory discussed. Furthermore, all volumes are compiled by topic specialists and researchers with years of experience and in-depth understanding of economic foundations.


  • Simplifies Challenging Topics

Subject matter specialists understand how to simplify down difficult things so that students may easily grasp them. Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF downloads simplify difficult themes such as liberalisation, privatisation, and globalisation. Each subject discussed in the books provides students with a good notion of how to approach certain topics more efficiently.


  • Provides Step by Step Explanation of Important Questions

Each Chapter is followed with significant concept-based questions that assist students to measure their grasp of the fundamentals more efficiently. Furthermore, the Class 11 Economic book contains a comprehensive explanation of how to correctly handle various types of questions in order to perform well in CBSE Exams.


Aside from that, the fact that the Vedantu Class 11 Economics book PDF can be quickly downloaded online makes it a useful tool to begin Exam preparation. It will not only assist students in starting their study session from any location, but it will also assist them in improving their study approach.


Vedantu- The Learning Platform you Need!

Vedantu is an only stop point for students looking to better their learning experience. The e-learning platform offers students the most recent study resources, such as Vedantu Class 11 Economics Book PDF and Chapter-based study answers, to help them improve their understanding.


Students can also acquire free PDF copies of Chapter-based notes to supplement their Test preparation. Students can also enrol in free live online classes to learn about important economic ideas straight from subject matter experts.
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FAQs on CBSE Class 11 Economics

1. How do I start the class 11-commerce Economics CBSE?

To begin with Class 11-Commerce Economics CBSE, one must first thoroughly comprehend the syllabus and course structure. Instructors will introduce the syllabus and how it will assist them increase their learning levels. After a student has gradually grasped the principles, it is advised that they begin practising as a habit.


Vedantu can help students practise with tests and quickly review ideas learned in class by providing crucial materials such as video courses, notes, and sample papers. All of these materials will help children comprehend the topics more clearly if they practise and revise them from the start.


Currently, questions are asked with the goal of problem resolution and idea application in mind. Constantly make an effort to clarify any Class 11-commerce Economics CBSE principles that you do not grasp. Skip subjects or concepts as much as possible. Review important concepts by viewing concept and problem solving videos at Vedantu after school or online sessions, or as needed.

2. What are the Key Units of the Class 11 Economics Textbook?

The following are the essential units of the class 11 economics curriculum:


  • Development Policies and Experiences 

  • Economic Reforms since 1991

  • Current Challenges Facing the Indian Economy

  • Development Experiences of India


These courses are divided into ten chapters that address a variety of economic issues and ideas.

3. How can I do well in Economics class 11-commerce CBSE?

To do well in Economics Class 11-Commerce CBSE, one must thoroughly comprehend the fundamentals. When a student understands the essential principles, it is much easier to try challenges based on those notions. This also encourages students to gather information and thrive in their academics.


After a learner has grasped the ideas in Economics Class 11-commerce CBSE, practice should become a regular regimen because it is the only way to identify one's strengths and shortcomings. Practice is essential in topics such as maths. Knowing how to apply a learned notion in daily life and problem solving is critical in Science. Once a student is aware of what is going on around him or her, he or she may apply the theories learned in class.

4. What are important tips to score in Economics?

The important tips to score good in economics CBSE class 11 are:


  • Prior to attending class, prepare chores.

  • Read for comprehension.

  • Attend all talks and Classes.

  • Learn the subject as you go.

  • Employ the "four" study behaviours.

5. Which is the most interesting chapter in class 11-commerce Economics?

Some students prefer the Class 11-Commerce Economics chapters to the Mathematics courses. Students' preferences appear to differ, with some choosing History chapters over Class 11-Commerce Economics. Students in Social Economics are mostly interested in stone and iron age history, the mediaeval period, world history, and, among other things, India's battle for independence. Vedantu gives you access to a library of resources, including videos, notes, and a vast question bank.