How To Study Biology For NEET 2021

by Saurav Mishra September 14, 2020

NTA (National Testing Agency) conducts the NEET Exam every year for admission to the various medical courses. The below article comprises the chapter-wise weightage of Biology for the convenience of the students. The important topics of Biology which now need to be more taken care of, daily routine, the topic-wise expected toughness level along with the well-planned preparation tips. For the convenience of aspirants, the innovative tricks to study Biology for NEET preparation are also mentioned below.

As is known to all, the Biology section in the NEET question paper comprises 90 questions which sum a total of 360 marks in the exam. Biology should be considered a subject in which candidates with better concepts and clarity can score well out of the total marks assigned. Hence, focusing more on Biology for NEET 2021 can increase aspirants' chances of cracking the medical entrance test. NEET Biology syllabus carries almost equal weightage of questions from Class 11 and 12. So, it is mandatory for aspirants to go through the overall syllabus of NEET Biology. During this lockdown, candidates preparing for NEET biology are required to go through the concept of NCERT, as the syllabus and questions for the Biology are almost entirely based on it. Lots of biological scientific terms and facts are included in NEET Biology that is to be remembered. As per the analysis of NEET given by various experts across the country, the difficulty level of the question paper has increased over the past few years. Candidates who wish to seek more information regarding how to study biology for NEET 2021 can check the article to know details about it.


Chapter-wise Weightage of Biology for NEET

Before starting your preparation for NEET 2021 for the Biology subject, candidates must know the chapter-wise weightage of Biology. Candidates can have an idea about the 

Biology chapter-wise weightage for NEET from the table below.

Topic

Weightage out of 100

Diversity in Living World

14%

Cell Structure and Function

5%

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

9%

Plant Physiology

6%

Human Physiology

20%

Reproduction

9%

Genetics and Evolution

18%

Biotechnology and Its Applications

3%

Biology and Human Welfare

4%

Ecology and environment

12%


Important Topics of Biology for NEET

As aforementioned, the distribution of Biology questions for NEET is equally done from class 11 and 12. So, candidates can go through the class-wise important topics of Biology which are important for NEET preparation along with the important section of it, which needs to be focused more.


Class 11th: Biology Important Topics for NEET Preparation

Plant Kingdom

  • Questions from different types of algae and their pigments

  • General characters of pteridophytes and gymnosperms

Biological classification

  • General features of Monera, Protista, Fungi

Structural organization in Plants and Animals

  • Root, stem, and leaf anatomy

  • Animals tissues and their functions, specifically epithelial tissues

Cell: Structure & Functions

  • Mycoplasma, nucleus, chromosomes, ribosomes, chloroplast, and mitochondria

  • Meiosis - Prophase I

Plant physiology

  • C3, C4 cycle

  • Kranz anatomy

  • Glycolysis and Krebs cycle

  • ETS complexes

  • Photoperiodism

  • Transpiration pull

  • Bulk movement in Phloem

  • Mineral deficiency & Nitrogen cycle

Animal/Human Physiology

  • All topics specifically diagrams are very important


Class 12th: Important Topic of Biology for NEET Preparation

Reproduction

  • Gametogenesis in plants

  • Gametogenesis in humans

  • Reproductive structures in plants and animals

  • Polyembryony, Parthenocarpy, apomixis

  • Menstrual cycle

Genetics & Evolution

  • Dihybrid cross, linkage

  • Codominance

  • Pedigree analysis

  • Genetic disorders

  • Darwinism and natural selection

  • Human evolution

Biotechnology

  • Process and applications

  • BT cotton, RNAi, Human insulin, Gene therapy, molecular diagnostics

Biology in Human Welfare

  • Human immunity

  • AIDS, Cancer

  • Drugs

Ecology and Environment

  • Environmental issues

  • Biogeochemical cycles

  • Population interactions

  • Adaptations

  • Succession


NEET Biology Preparation During a Lockdown: Daily Routine

The aforementioned topics are very important for aspirants to go through while preparing for NEET Biology in the quarantine period. Proper discipline and a well managed daily routine are required to study these concepts. Candidates can go through the well structured daily routine which they can use while preparing for NEET 2021 during the lockdown.

  • Wake up as per your convenience but do not make it too late to be called afternoon.

  • Have a well nutritious breakfast.

  • Study for two hours

  • Take a small 10-minute break

  • Have a half-hour revision

  • Have your lunch; a power nap would be a good idea too!

  • Two hours of study should be followed by a 10-minute short break for the refreshment of mind and better concentration

  • Do a little physical exercise, as it increases your circulation all over your body

  • A revision of half an hour is required

  • Have a light dinner

  • Study for one hour

  • Listen to some good soothing music and go off to good night’s sleep.


The Difficulty Level of the NEET Biology Paper

In the past few years of medical entrance exams, the level of difficulties has increased over a year. Candidates can go through the expected topic wise difficulties level of  Biology paper for NEET 2021 from the table below.

Topics 

Easy 

Medium 

Difficult 

Plant Kingdom

Yes 

Yes 

-

Animal Kingdom

Yes

Yes

Yes

Plant Morphology

Yes

-

-

Plant Anatomy

Yes

-


Structural Organization in Animals

Yes

Yes

-

Cell Biology

Yes

Yes

-

Plant Physiology

Yes

Yes

Yes

Human Physiology

Yes

Yes

Yes

Reproduction

Yes

Yes

-

Genetics & Evolution

Yes

Yes

Yes

Human Health & Diseases

Yes

-

-

Strategies for Food Enhancement

Yes

-

-

Microbes in Human Welfare

Yes

-

-

Biotechnology

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ecology

Yes

-

-

The overall expected difficulty level of Biology in NEET 2021 is as follows - 

  • 60% easy

  • 25% medium

  • 15% difficult


Preparation Tips for NEET Biology

Due to lockdown all offline coachings, libraries, and any other offline resources are not available as it has been closed down. Candidates can go through the following tips to be taken care of while preparing for Biology for cracking the NEET 2021.

  • Avoid reading from multiple sources during this time. All the aforementioned topics given should be covered thoroughly.

  • Practice questions as much as you can, understanding the question is the first step towards solving it.

  • Topics like human physiology, plant physiology, reproduction, genetics, and ecology should be thoroughly revised.

  • Attempt mock tests to improve the speed of attempting questions.


Innovative Methods to Study During the Lockdown

Candidates can go through the innovative ways of studying while preparing for Biology to crack the NEET medical entrance exam.

  • Utilize online resources to fill the learning gap

  • Practice more and more diagram and paste them around to keep a regular revision and also to give color to the study space

  • Candidates can use calm music in the background while studying, as per their convenience.

  • Keep a little physical exercise going along with the preparation.

  • Avoid reading too many news articles.


Tricks to keep in mind while Preparing for NEET Biology

As all NEET aspirants know that it is the last lap of preparation and it will decide how one is scoring in the medical entrance exam. Candidates can go through some innovative tricks to study Biology while preparing for NEET 2021 during lockdown.

  • Revise all diagrams and tables from NCERT books thoroughly.

  • Examples for the plant kingdoms, animal kingdom, plant morphology, plant anatomy, and animal tissue to be read from NCERT

  • Practice pedigree analysis to get quick inferences

  • Learn the different genetic combinations for dihybrid crosses

  • Practise NCERT based questions as much as you can.