Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Write the number of hydroxyl groups present in $\alpha -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$ (Trans).

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
Total views: 403.5k
Views today: 5.03k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
403.5k+ views
Hint: Glucopyranose is a carbohydrate it is the pyranose form of glucose. When D-glucose is crystallized from methanol $\alpha -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$ is formed.

Complete step by step answer:
Glucopyranose is the pyranose form of glucose. Sugars in chemistry is described using the formula given by Haworth. The heterocyclic ring of pyran and furan are resembled by the pyranose and the furanose oxide ring respectively, in which one of the positions is occupied by oxide.
Pyronose is use in the prediction of structure of saccharides which are six membered rings. These six member rings have five carbon and one oxygen atom. There can be other extra carbons attached to the ring as substituents.
To draw the structure of $\alpha -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$ a pyranose ring having carbon and one oxygen atom is drawn first. These structures were suggested by Haworth in Haworth formula.
In the pyranose ring at the terminal position $C{{H}_{2}}OH$ group is added. Groups present on the left hand side in the Fischer projection are placed above the plane of the ring and the groups present at the left hand side are placed below the plane of the ring. Now the position of the OH group differs at the ${{C}_{1}}$ carbon, OH group down the plane of the ring forms the $\alpha -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$.
seo images

From the structure we can say that the number of hydroxyl groups present in $\alpha -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$ is 5.

Note: The structure of $\beta -D-(+)-Glucopyranose$ can also be drawn using the method mentioned above the only difference is that OH group at the ${{C}_{1}}$ carbon will be placed above the plane of the ring.