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Write the function of following parts in the human female reproductive system.
1. Ovary
2. Oviduct
3. Uterus

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Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring.

Complete Answer:
The ovary, Oviduct and the uterus are very important parts of the female reproductive system.
Here, are their exclusive functions: -
1. Ovary- The function of the ovary is to produce the egg which develops in the Graafian follicle. The ovary is also responsible for the production of the hormones progesterone and oestrogen.
2. Uterus- The function of the uterus is to provide space for the growth of the embryo. The placenta is developed as the point of attachment between the embryo and the uterus for providing nutrients.
3. Oviduct- It is vital in the capacitation process and fertilization and responsible for the transport of gametes and survival of sperm.

Additional information:
The female reproductive system functions to produce gametes and reproductive hormones, just like the male reproductive system; however, it also has the additional task of supporting the developing foetus and delivering it to the outside world. Unlike its male counterpart, the female reproductive system is located primarily inside the pelvic cavity. The gamete they produce is called an oocyte. The function of the fallopian tube is to provide the site for fertilization.
Fertilization takes place in the ampulla region in the fallopian tube. The placenta is the structure that develops from part of the chorion that forms villi and the underlying uterine tissues with maternal capillaries. It is an organ of exchange that provides oxygen and nutrients to the foetus and removes waste produced by the foetus. It also provides antibodies to provide protection to the foetus.

Note:In humans, the female reproductive system is immature at birth and develops to maturity at puberty to be able to produce gametes, and to carry a foetus to full term. Uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries are internal sex organs.