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Write the difference between solid, liquid and gas phase?

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Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Anything that occupies space and has a mass is called matter. Matter can be present in three major forms, namely solid, liquid and gas. The states of matter have been distinguished on the basis of qualitative differences in their bulk properties.

Complete step by step answer:
Solids are characterised by definite volume and shape, liquids by their ability to adapt the shape of the container in which it is kept and gases by their ability to expand and adapt the shape as well as volume of the container. The table below points out the major differences between solid, liquids and gas phase for better comparison of the three phases:

BasisSolidLiquidGas
RigiditySolids are rigid.Liquids are not rigid.Gases are not rigid.
FluiditySolids lack the ability to flow.Liquids can flow from higher level (concentration) to lower level.Gases can flow in all directions.
Volume and shapeSolids have definite shape and volume due to their rigid structure.Liquids have definite volume but it lacks definite shape and can take the shape of the container in which it is stored.Gases neither have a definite shape nor a definite volume.
Intermolecular interaction Particles in a solid are packed closely together, so they are only able to vibrate but not move.Intermolecular interaction is comparatively less than that of solids, so the molecules or particles have enough energy to move around.Here, the intermolecular interaction is least, so the gas molecules or particles can move freely and quickly.
CompressibilityOne cannot compress solid appreciably.Can be compressed.Can be compressed significantly.
StorageIt can easily be stored without a container or vessel.Liquids cannot be stored without a vessel or container.Gases can be stored in vessels only.
ExamplesCup, brick, chair, wood, etc.Water, milk, honey, oil, etc.Air, ozone, natural gas, etc.


Note: Recently, research has shown that there is a fourth state of matter that exists, popularly known as plasma. Plasma is assumed to consist of roughly equal numbers of positively and negatively charged entities in it.