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When and why did Nadir Shah invaded India?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Shah Nadir Shah was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Persia. He invaded northern India and finally invaded Delhi, which was the capital of the Mughal at that time.

Complete answer: Nadir Shah invaded Delhi in March 1739. Shah's victory over the weak and crumbling Mughal Empire in the far East meant that he could resume and resume war against the Arch-neighbor, the Ottoman Empire of Persia, but the campaigns in the North Caucasus and Asia. While the Mughal Governor of Afghanistan Nasir Khan was in Peshawar, Nadir Shah heard about the attack. He soon mobilized 20,000 trained tribal levies, which did not match Nader's experienced soldiers. Nader quickly went through the route and defeated the Mughal army at the Khyber Pass. Three days after the fighting, Nader captured Peshawar without resistance. On December 12, he resumed marching. He built a bridge over the Indus River by the attack and crossed the Chenab near Wazirabad on 8 January 1739. At the Battle of Karnal on 24 February 1739, Nader led his army to victory over the Mughals. Muhammad Shah surrendered and the two entered Delhi together. The keys to the capital of Delhi were handed over to Nadir. He entered the city on March 20, 1739, and captured Shah Jahan's royal suite at the Red Fort.

Note: The wealth was looted. Nadir Shah offered namaz in the Jama Masjid after his victory over Delhi. The very next day, he held a grand court in the capital.