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Which was the earliest Sufi order to arrive in India?
A. Chisti
B. Suhrawardi
C. Qadiri
D. Naqshbandi

Last updated date: 24th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: The most famous and eminent Sufi saints in India were Mirza Muhammed Baig Chishti Qalandari Hyderabadi, Salim Chishti, Muhammad Nizamuddin Auliya etc. The emphasis is purely on the love and devotion towards the ultimate one-God.

Complete answer: The Chishtī Request is a Sunni Sufi order inside the spiritualist Sufi convention of Islam. It started in Chishti, a humble community close to Herat, Afghanistan, around 930 CE. The Chishti order is known for its accentuation on adoration, resistance, and openness. Chishti Sharif is the name of a town in Afghanistan close to Iran outskirt. It arrived in the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan and Bangladesh soon after Afghanistan. It was the first of the four principle Sufi orders to be set up in this area. Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti presented the Chishti order in Ajmer, Rajasthan at some point in the twelfth century. The four orders of Sufism are Chishti, Qadiri, Suhrawardi and Naqshbandi. Sufism is a school of practice that revolves around the spiritual search for God. It does not focus on materialism, instead, it condemns it. There are multiple schools of thoughts, some of which go back to the time of Prophet Muhammad. Sufi orders can be classified into two broad categories. There were the ‘Bashara’ who obeyed Islamic laws. On the other hand, there were ‘Beshara’ who were more liberal.
Therefore, “A” is the correct answer.

Note: Sufism is also known as Tasawwuf. Sometimes it is also perceived as Islamic mysticism and involves various doctrines, rituals and spiritual practices. Islam came to India in the 7th century CE when it came in contact with the merchants from Saudi Arabia.