Question & Answer
QUESTION

Which one is greater ${100^2}$ or ${2^{100}}$ ?

ANSWER Verified Verified
Hint- In this question, we use the concept of logarithm. We use the property of logarithm like ${\log _x}\left( {{a^b}} \right) = b{\log _x}\left( a \right)$ and ${\log _x}\left( x \right) = 1$ . In this question we use the base of log is 10 for better understanding and \[{\log _{10}}\left( 2 \right) = 0.301\] and ${\log _{10}}\left( {10} \right) = 1$ .

Complete step-by-step answer:

Now, we have two numbers ${100^2}$ and ${2^{100}}$ . We have to find which one is greater ${100^2}$ or ${2^{100}}$ .
So, we use the concept of logarithm.
Let, $p = {100^2}$
Take a log on both sides and the base of the log is 10.
$ \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = {\log _{10}}\left( {{{100}^2}} \right)$
We know, ${\log _x}\left( {{a^b}} \right) = b{\log _x}\left( a \right)$
$ \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = 2{\log _{10}}\left( {100} \right)$
We can write as $100 = {10^2}$
$
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = 2{\log _{10}}\left( {{{10}^2}} \right) \\
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = 4{\log _{10}}\left( {10} \right) \\
$
As we know, ${\log _{10}}\left( {10} \right) = 1$
$
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = 4 \times 1 \\
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( p \right) = 4 \\
 $
We have to use this property, ${\log _x}\left( a \right) = b \Rightarrow a = {x^b}$
$ \Rightarrow p = {10^4}...............\left( 1 \right)$
Let, $q = {2^{100}}$
Take a log on both sides and the base of the log is 10.
${\log _{10}}\left( q \right) = {\log _{10}}\left( {{2^{100}}} \right)$
We know, ${\log _x}\left( {{a^b}} \right) = b{\log _x}\left( a \right)$
$ \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( q \right) = 100{\log _{10}}\left( 2 \right)$
We know the value of \[{\log _{10}}\left( 2 \right) = 0.301\]
$
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( q \right) = 100 \times 0.301 \\
   \Rightarrow {\log _{10}}\left( q \right) = 30.1 \\
$
We have to use this property, ${\log _x}\left( a \right) = b \Rightarrow a = {x^b}$
\[ \Rightarrow q = {10^{30.1}}..............\left( 2 \right)\]
Now, we can easily compare (1) and (2) equations.
$
   \Rightarrow p < q \\
   \Rightarrow {100^2} < {2^{100}} \\
$
So, ${2^{100}}$ is greater than ${100^2}$ .

Note- We can use another method to solve the above question in an easy way. Let’s take an example, if we compare ${\left( 2 \right)^2}{\text{ and }}{\left( 3 \right)^3}$ so we can easily identify ${\left( 3 \right)^3}$ is greater because base and power of ${\left( 3 \right)^3}$ is also greater than ${\left( 2 \right)^2}$.
Now, we take ${\left( 2 \right)^{100}}$ and we can express it in form of ${\left( {{2^{10}}} \right)^{10}}$
As we know, ${2^{10}} = 1024$
Now, ${\left( 2 \right)^{100}} = {\left( {1024} \right)^{10}}$
If we compare ${\left( {1024} \right)^{10}}{\text{ and }}{\left( {100} \right)^2}$ so we can easily identify \[{\left( {1024} \right)^{10}}\] is greater than ${\text{ }}{\left( {100} \right)^2}$ because its base 1024 greater than 100 and also power 10 greater than 2. So, ${\left( 2 \right)^{100}}$ is greater than ${\text{ }}{\left( {100} \right)^2}$ .