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Which of the following regarding the dietary requirements of major foodstuffs is correct?
A) Adults can synthesis all the amino acids found in proteins
B) Children’s who have a protein-deficient diet may develop kwashiorkor
C) Edema is a characteristic feature of Marasmus
D) People whose diets are low in fats often suffer from fatty acid deficiency disease.

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Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: It is very essential to have complete nutrient-filled food to live a healthy life. Meals contain important components which give energy and power to do work. Deficiency of any of these nutrients can cause serious health issues.

Complete step by step answer: Children’s who have a protein-deficient diet may develop kwashiorkor. It is a type of malnutrition that occurs when there is not enough protein included in the diet. Symptoms of kwashiorkor include mineral swellings, diarrhoea, enlarged liver, frequent infections, generalized infections, failure to drive, severe unintentional weight loss, irritability, middle ear infections and skin rashes. Hence, children who have protein deficiency develop kwashiorkor. Meals contain components that are needed by our body for growth and repair of dead cells. They are called nutrients. deficiency or main nutrients can cause certain health issues.
i. The human body is able to synthesis, 11 of 20 amino acids, however, the other nine cannot be synthesized. The nine amino acids must be supplied through diet. Those amino acids include histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine.
ii. Edema is a characteristic feature of marasmus. During nutritional rehabilitation, oedema disappears, and the children acquire unique clinical signs of marasmus.
iii. All nutrients are needed for the proper growth of the body. Fats are also needed for the body. People whose diets are low in fats often suffer from fatty acid deficiency disease, but fats deficiency is rare.
Hence, the correct answer is option B.

Note: Essential and not essential nutrients are two types of nutrients required by an organism. These nutrients are named based on the requirement of the body. Essential nutrients are those nutrients that our body cannot synthesize and require its uptake in different forms like food, medicine, saline etc. Non-essential nutrients are those which are synthesized within the body and its uptake can be very low in quantity.