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Which of the following is the correct unit for measuring nuclear radii?A.MicronB.MillimeterC.AngstromD.Fermi

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: A unit of length is used to measure the nuclear distances which are equal to ${10^{ - 15}}$ meter. In $1901 - 1954$, the unit is named for the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi. Now, it is replaced by the SI unit femtometre.

Fermi is used for measuring the nuclear radii but this unit is no longer in use. Instead of Fermi, the unit used is known as Femtometre. It is represented by the symbol of fm. $1$ Fermi is equal to ${10^{ - 15}}$ meter and it is equal to a quadrillionth of one. The femtometre term is derived from the Danish and Norwegian word ‘femten’ which means ‘fifteen’. The distance of nuclear radii can also be called a fermi. It is a typical length – scale of nuclear physics.
The word Fermi is coined by Robert Hofstadter. In $1956$, a paper published in reviews of modern physics entitled “Electron Scattering and Nuclear Structure”. Fermi is widely used by particle and nuclear physicists.
$1,000,000{\text{ }}femtometres{\text{ }} = {\text{ }}10{\text{ }}angstrom{\text{ }} = {\text{ }}1{\text{ }}nanometre$
For example, charge on the radius of a proton is approx. $0.831$ femto metres whereas the radius of a gold nucleus are approx. $8.45$ femtometers.