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Which of the following is or are true?
A - Biowar is the use of biological weapons against humans and or their crops and animals.
B - Bioethics is the unauthorized use of bioresources and traditional knowledge related to bioresources for commercial benefits.
C - Biopatent is the exploitation of bioresources of other nations without proper authorization.
(a) B only
(b) A only
(c) A and B only
(d) A and C only
(e) B and C only

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
Total views: 396k
Views today: 5.96k
Answer
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Hint: Biological warfare is also known as germ warfare. Bioethics is the application of ethics to the field of medicine and healthcare. Biopatent is a patent on an invention in the field of biology.

Complete answer:
Biowar is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, insects, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals, or plants as an act of war. Biological weapons are living organisms or replicating entities. Biopatent allows the patent holder to exclude others from making, using, selling, or importing the protected invention for a limited period of time. It is a patent on an invention in the field of biology. Bioethics is the application of ethics to the field of medicine and healthcare. It is the study of controversial ethics brought about by advances in biology and medicine. The four principles of modern bioethics discussion include autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice.

Additional Information:
- The advantages of using Biological weapons are that they are difficult to detect, economical, and easy to use, making them appealing to terrorists. Their production is very easy as common technology can be used to produce biological warfare. - Bioethics contributes to the rights and responsibilities of patients as persons. Its significance replicates in various divisions such as in medical care, research, and the overall community.
- A patent is important because it can help safeguard your invention. It can protect any product, design, or process.
So, the correct answer is '(b) A only'.

Note:
- To be protected by a patent, an invention must be novel, inventive, have industrial applicability, and be lawful.
- In most cases, a patent can protect an invention for up to 20 years.
- There are three types of patents. The three types of patents are utility patents, design patents, and plant patents.