Hint: People from rural areas migrate to urban areas at a large extent each year. There can be much push and pull factors that make them migrate from their homeland. They either face difficulties in life to survive or they are fascinated by the advantages of the urban areas. i.e. better life conditions, work, and charms of urban areas.
It is seen that during the health, national, or presidential emergency migrants suffer the most in the cities when they are unable to find suitable work, to pay for their children’s education and to move to their homeland. For example- The present time health emergency (COVID). The push factors that force people to move from rural to urban areas can be unemployment, marriage (especially in girls’ case), poor health facilities, survival, and so on. people migrate for the betterment and ease of life in urban areas. However, here as well, they face many difficulties in adjusting and settling.
So, the correct answer is Option D.
Note: The disadvantages of rural migrants in urban areas can be the development of slums, overpopulation, forced labor, more exploitation of Natural resources, and so on. It leads to mismanagement by the concerned authorities. The migrants struggle for a house to stay in, sanitation, health benefits, better education facilities, and food. Child labor is also caused when the migrants are unable to afford their children’s education and face financial difficulties.