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Which of the following anticodons correspond to the mRNA nucleotide sequence AUG CUG?
A) TAC and GAC
B) UAC and GAC
C) UA, CG, and AC
D) GAC and TAC

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Anticodons are short sequences of nucleotides that are complementing codons. They are found in tRNAs and permit the tRNAs to align the right amino acid with an mRNA.

Complete answer:
A unit of hereditary code in a transfer RNA, having three nucleotides compared to a correlative codon in messenger RNA. In the event that the sequence on mRNA is AUG CUG then on tRNA it would be UAC and GAC.

Additional Information:
Anticodons are short sequences of nucleotides that are complementing codons. They are found in tRNAs and permit the tRNAs to align the right amino acid with an mRNA during formation of protein.

Anticodons in the template strand are recognized as gatherings of three bases, moving from the right side end (5' end) to the left side end (3' end); that is, moving toward the direction of synthesis. The purpose of anticodons is to unite the right amino acids to make a protein, based on the directions conveyed in mRNA. Every tRNA conveys one amino acid, and has one anticodon. When the anticodon effectively combines up with a mRNA codon, the cell machinery realizes that the right amino acid is set up to be added to the developing protein.

Therefore, the correct answer is option (B) UAC and GAC.

Note:Every RNA nucleotide can make hydrogen bond to one other nucleotide. The four bases of RNA are Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, and Uracil. These bases are alluded to by their first letter, to make it simpler to show successions of numerous bases. Base pairing for RNA are:
A – U, C – G, G – C, U – A
>Simply, in RNA, A nucleotides consistently bond with U nucleotides, and C nucleotides consistently bond with G nucleotides.