The smallest state in India is Goa with an area of 342,239 sq km. This state is not only the smallest one in size but also has the fourth smallest population in the country. The capital of Goa is Panaji. The state lies on the south-western coast of India. It is the 25th Union State and was liberated by Portuguese in the year 1961. This has been one of the reasons why travellers find Goa to have a blend of Portuguese and Indian culture. It is also regarded as the pocket-size Paradise for its exceptional scenic beauty.
The State and Its Marvels
The place offers an amalgamation of sea, sun, and spirituality and of course the seafood. The golden sand beach is one of the attractive elements that make travellers visit Goa time and time again. The coastline stretches along the Arabian Sea and is surrounded by Indian states of Karnataka and Maharashtra. The state is popular for its Spiritual activities, spicy delicacies, and a distinctive cultural spot of the country. And this has been the reason why it was termed as the place to offer the best quality of life in India.
The largest city of the state is Vasco da Gama and Margao the historic city. The influence of the Portuguese cultures brings a lot of foreign travellers and as well the domestic tourists. It also has remarkable flora and fauna as it lies in the Western Ghats range. This is therefore known as the biodiversity hotspot.
History of Goa
It is said that Goa earlier was known as Gomamachala, Gopakapattana, Govapuri, Govem, and Gomantak. The historical rock art engraving in Goa reflects the traces of human life in the country. One can witness the Palaeolithic lifestyle that prevailed in this place at one point in time at Adkon, Fatorpora, Dabolim, and places as such. Further, the early Goan culture is based on the collaboration of Dravidian and Indo Aryan migrants mixed with the aboriginal locals. One of the must mention things about Goa is that it was a part of the Mauryan Empire ruled by King Ashoka of Magadha. Goa along with Daman and Diu was the centrally administered Union Territory of India. However, in 1987 the Union Territory was divided and thus Goa became the 25th state of India.
Rivers and the Sea Influencing Goa’s Climate
There are seven major rivers in Goa which are Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Sal, Kambarjua Canal, and Talpona. On the mouth of the River Zauri lies Moromugao harbour which is referred to as the best natural harbours in South Asia. As this state is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, it has a hot and humid climate for a significant part of the year.
Goa: A Global Holiday Destination
Goan culture and cuisine- the delectable fish curry and bhali pau, colonial architecture, yoga sessions on the beach during sunrise- everything makes Goa one of the charming states in India. Even though it is the smallest state of the country it does not lack attention from national and international tourists. The whitewashed churches and the crumbling forts, and the beautiful music and catholic ceremonies magnify the beauty of this state manifold.