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What is Polyculture?

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Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Multiple cropping is a farming practice in which farmers plant two or more crops on the same field at the same time in the same calendar year. Arable crops, vegetables, fibre crops, and fodder crops are all grown in succession. After the primary crop is harvested, the next crop is usually planted, and so on until the year is over.

Complete answer:
Polyculture is a type of agriculture that mimics the diversity of natural ecosystems by growing multiple species at the same time and in the same place. Monoculture, in which only members of one plant or animal species are cultivated together, is the polar opposite of polyculture.

Polyculture is a type of agriculture that mimics the diversity of natural ecosystems by growing multiple species at the same time and in the same place. Monoculture, in which only members of one plant or animal species are cultivated together, is the polar opposite of polyculture. Polyculture has long been the most common type of agriculture in most regions of the world, and its popularity is expanding due to its environmental and health benefits. Annual polycultures like intercropping and cover cropping, permaculture, and integrated aquaculture are all examples of polyculture.

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Polyculture has the advantage of being able to control pests, weeds, and diseases without using a lot of chemicals. As a result, polyculture is seen as a long-term farming strategy. However, due to crop production concerns and biological competition, many current major industrial food producers have reverted to monoculture.

Smallholder farmers' most common farm method is multiple cropping. This style of cropping makes efficient use of land, water, and fertiliser, resulting in more crops and more profitable farm operations.

Intercropping:- Intercropping is a type of multiple cropping when two or more crops are grown in the same field at the same time. In this approach, an additional crop is planted in the unoccupied gaps in the field between the main crop and the second crop. Intercropping allows a farmer to grow more than one crop at the same time on the same piece of land. At least two types of crops are planted, which can be done in a systematic or haphazard manner.

Because tiny crops are grown beneath larger crops, intercropping is commonly referred to as an agroforestry system. Pineapples and bananas, for example, are intercropped with a date or coconut palms.

Crop rotation:- Crop rotation is a method of producing multiple crops on the same field, one after the other. Crop rotation is good for the soil as well as the plant. In general, it improves plant growth circumstances, resulting in larger and higher-quality yields while also safeguarding the environment.

Note: Farmers use polyculture crop production to reduce production risks and, as a result, provide a reliable source of revenue and nutrition while maximising economic and energy returns using mostly indigenous agricultural technology. Become a part of the team that manages sustainable farming to ensure a brighter future for future generations.