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Water bodies that are smaller in size than ocean are called_________.
A. Gulf
B. Sea
C. Bay
D. Strait

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Everything in Earth's environment can be put into one of four significant subsystems: land, water, living things, or air. These four subsystems are designated "spheres". Specifically, they are the "lithosphere" (land), "hydrosphere" (water), "biosphere" (living things), and "climate" (air).

Complete answer:
The Hydrosphere - contains all the solid, liquid, and vaporous water of the planet. A little bit of the water in the hydrosphere is fresh while the remaining portion of it is salty. This water streams as precipitation starting from the atmosphere to Earth's surface, as waterways and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater underneath Earth's surface. This sphere includes sea, gulf, strait, bay, rivers, ponds, etc.
Many individuals utilize the expressions "sea" and "ocean" reciprocally when talking about the sea, however, there is a contrast between the two terms when discussing topography. Seas can be said to be way smaller than oceans and they are said to be normally found where the land and ocean meet. Normally, oceans are found to be halfway enclosed by land.

Thus, option (B) is correct.

Note: A bay is a huge inlet from the ocean into the landmass, ordinarily with a smaller opening than a bay; however, this isn't detectable in all geographic territories so named. The term gulf was generally utilized for huge, exceptionally indented, traversable groups of saltwater that are enclosed by the coastline. Many bays are significant transportation territories, for example, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of Finland, and the Gulf of Aden.