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The total surface area of a cube is 54\[c{{m}^{2}}\]. What is the length of its side?

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Last updated date: 23rd Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Cube has 6 faces,the total surface area of the cube is given.Find out the area of one face of the cube and next length of its side.

“Complete step-by-step answer:”

Given that the total surface area of the cube = 54\[c{{m}^{2}}\].
The surface area of a cube is \[6{{a}^{2}}\].
Where, a is the length of the side of each edge of the cube.
All the sides of the cube are equal.
\[\therefore \]a is the length of one side of the cube.
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By looking at the figure, cube has six sides and each side is a square.
Length of the edge is a
\[\therefore \]Area of a square\[=a\times a={{a}^{2}}\]
Since, there are six sides, the total surface area is
Surface area\[={{a}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}=6{{a}^{2}}\]
\[\therefore \]Surface area of cube is = \[6{{a}^{2}}\]
We have given the total surface area of cube = 54\[c{{m}^{2}}\].
\[\begin{align}
  & \Rightarrow 6{{a}^{2}}=54 \\
 & \therefore {{a}^{2}}=\dfrac{54}{6} \\
 & \Rightarrow {{a}^{2}}=9 \\
 & \therefore a=\sqrt{9}=3 \\
\end{align}\]
Length of its side = 3cm
Note: Cube has 6 faces, so the total surface area becomes \[6{{a}^{2}}\].