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The reports of the state reorganization commission (SRC) were implemented on _____.
A. 1st November 1956
B. 2nd October 1957
C. 2nd October 1956
D. 1st November 1957

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:1. The first report for the enactment of the SRC was submitted in 1955.
2. The State Reorganization Act was enacted in November 1956.

Complete answer:
Before the State Reorganization Commission, there was the Linguistic Provinces Commission (or Dhar Commission) which rejected language as a parameter for division of states. Later, in December 1953 the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru appointed the State Reorganization Commission. Fazal Ali, who was the retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was the head of this new commission. The working of the commission was overseen by the Home Minister, Govind Ballabh Pant.
A report with recommendations on reorganizing the Indian states was submitted by the State Reorganization Commission on 30th September 1955. Subsequently, these were debated in the Indian Parliament. Finally, on 31 August, the State Reorganization Act was enacted and it was made a law. The State Reorganization Commission came into effect on 1st November 1956.
After its enactment it was also amended under the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act. This amendment changed the existing distinctions between the states. Earlier there were four types of states i.e. A,B, C and D. With this amendment they merged Types A and B and simply called them ‘States’. Type C and D were removed and a new entity ‘Union Territory’ was added.

Thus, the correct answer is Option (A) 1st November 1956.

Note: 1. After the implementation of the Act, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala were the two new states formed.
2. Delhi, Manipur, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands were formed as the six Union Territories.