Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

The relation between the conservative force and the potential energy U is given byA) $\vec F = \dfrac{{dU}}{{dx}}$B) $\vec F = \int {Udx}$C) $\vec F = - \dfrac{{dU}}{{dx}}$D) $F = \dfrac{{dU}}{{dx}}$

Last updated date: 15th Aug 2024
Total views: 425.4k
Views today: 10.25k
Verified
425.4k+ views
Hint
To find the relation between conservative force and the potential energy use the formula by assuming the object at two different points-
$W_{ab} = U_a - U_b$
Or simply it can be also said as “Work done is equal to the negative change in the potential energy of the particle”.

Considering an object whose mass is $m$ and placed at point ‘$a$’ at height ‘$h_1$’ and the work done required to move the point from another point ‘B’ at height ‘$h_2$’. As we know that potential at point ‘a’ is given by $mg(h_1)$ or “ $U_a$”, and potential energy at point ‘B’ is given by $mg(h_2)$ or “$U_b$”.
And hence the work done in moving the particle from point ‘a’ to ‘b’ is given by
$W_{ab} = U_a - U_b$,
Or it can be also written as-
$W_{ab} = -( U_b – U_a)$ ………………(1)
Or it can be also define as-
The force due to the conservative field $mg$ is downward and in the opposite direction to the direction in which the mass is move upward a distance $h$ so the work done by the force due to conservative field is ‘$- mgh$’ and that by the definition is minus the change in the potential energy.
$-( U_b – U_a)$ can also be written in the form $- \dfrac{{dU}}{{dx}}$
Hence equation (1) can also be written as-
$\vec F = - \dfrac{{dU}}{{dx}}$
Potential energy of the particle is equal to the negative of the work done by the conservative force.

Note
A conservative force is a force with the property that the total work done in moving a particle between the two points is independent of the path taken. Gravitational force is an example of the conservative force.