Hint: Organizations formed by workers from related fields that work for the common interest of its members are called trade unions or labor unions. Under Trade Union Act (1926) the trade unions in India are registered.
Option A: Lokmanya Tilak, was a teacher, independence activist and an Indian Nationalist. He was referred to as “ the father of the Indian unrest” by British.
Option B: Bipin Chandra Pal,was the main architect of the Swadeshi Movement. This option is not correct.
Option C: The all India Trade Union Congress is associated with Communist party of India, it is the oldest trade union federations in India. AITUC was founded in 1920 and Lala Lajpat Rai was the first president. In the nineteenth century, the self-sufficient village economy was shattered leaving landless labor force. From 1905, the laborers organised themselves into ‘jamaats’ to fight back the oppression of employers. A strike took place in Bombay against the extension of working hours, and in 1918, a strike in Bombay started people joined the strike in large numbers thus led to the creation of All India Trade Union Congress in Bombay with Joseph Baptista as chairperson and Lala Lajpat Rai as the president.So, option C is correct.
Option D: N.M.Joshi, was a follower of Gopal Krishna Gokhale and was an Indian trade union leader. He started AITUC and was the general secretary from 1925-1929 of the union. This option is not correct.
Note: The Communist Party of India was formed in 1925 at Kanpur. It is one of the oldest political parties in India propagating the ideologies of Marxism-Leninism. All India Trade Union is associated with CPI, believes in ideas of common ownership of the means of production.