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The molecular formula of \[{{C}_{2}}{{H}_{6}}\] is__________.

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Last updated date: 12th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: We know that the Ethane molecule has \[6\text{ }C-H\] covalent bonds and one \[C-C\] covalent bond. Therefore, on adding the covalent bonds of \[C-C\] and \[C-H\]covalent bonds, we can say that the Ethane molecule has \[7\] covalent bonds.

Complete answer:
Ethane was discovered by Edward Ronalds in the year \[1864.\]He discovered Ethane dissolved in the Pennsylvanian light crude oil. - The name Ethane came from the German word “Eth” which means potable alcohol and “ane” means Carbon atoms with a single bond. Covalent bond is a chemical bond that is formed by mutual sharing of electrons. Covalent bonds will be formed only between two nonmetals. In \[{{C}_{2}}{{H}_{6}}\] molecules, Carbon and Hydrogen both are non-metals, therefore the bond formed between them is covalent bond.
\[{{C}_{2}}{{H}_{6}}\] molecular formula for Ethane which is an organic compound. Ethane is found to be a colourless and odourless gas at constant pressure and temperature. Ethane is slightly soluble in water but completely soluble in organic solvents. It is the most important constituent of natural gas. Ethane belongs to the Paraffin series. It is obtained as a by-product of the oil refining process and also occurs in the dissolved form in the petroleum oils. Ethane can give all the general reactions of the alkane group.

Note:
Remember that ethane is highly flammable gas. When around \[3%\] or above air is mixed with Ethane it becomes explosive. Therefore, we have to store Ethane as a cryogenic Liquid. - When we touch Ethane directly, then our hand will become frostbite. Ethane is mainly used in the production of Ethene by the Steam cracking process.