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The local varieties of bees used for commercial honey production are
a. Apis cerana indica
b. Apis cerana indicain
c. Apis cerana indicial
d. Apis cerana indicais

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The eastern honeybee, also known as the Asiatic honey bee or Asian honeybee, is a honey bee species native to southern, southeastern, and eastern Asia. This species is the sister species of Apis koschevnikovi, and they all belong to the same subgenus as Apis mellifera, the western (European) honey bee.

Complete solution:
Apis cerana indica, also known as the Indian bee, is the local bee variety used for commercial honey production. This honeybee breed produces \[5 - 6{\text{ }}kg\] of honey per colony per year on average. Apis cerana colonies are noted for constructing multi-comb nests in cavities with a narrow opening, possibly to protect themselves from attack by individuals from another nest. Pollen and nectar, or honey, make up most of this honeybee’s diet.
So, option A is correct.
Apis cerana indicain is not involved in the commercial honey production and moreover the honey content is also small in it.
So, option B is incorrect.
Apis cerana indicial colonies are usually smaller than Apis mellifera colonies, with smaller nest cavities as a preference.
So, option C is incorrect
Apis cerana indicais colonies have about \[34,000\] bees, while Apis mellifera colonies have between \[20,000\] and \[60,000\] bees on average.
So, option D is incorrect.

So, Option A is the correct answer.

Note:
Within the same geographic region, A. cerana has been observed living sympatrically with Apis koschevnikovi. Apis cerana colonies are noted for constructing multi-comb nests in cavities with a narrow opening, possibly to protect themselves from attack by individuals from another nest. Pollen and nectar, or honey, make up most of this honeybee's diet.